logo

The Gift New Testament

A free online Bible study resource

Romans

4:1 Now what can we say that Abraham, our biological founder, discovered?

τι
G5101
what
ουν
G3767
then
ερουμεν
G2046
we-shall-ask
εὑρηκεναι
G2147
to-have-found
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham
τον
G3588
the
πατερα
G3962
father
ἡμων
G2257
[of]-us
κατα
G2596
down
σαρκα
G4561
flesh

4:2 If he was justified by his actions he had something to brag about— but not before God.

ει.
G1487
if
γαρ
G1063
because
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham
εξ
G1537
out
εργων
G2041
[of]-actions
εδικαιωθη
G1344
was-justified
εχει
G2192
has
καυχημα
G2745
boast
αλλ᾽
G235
but
ου
G3756
not
προς
G4314
toward
τον
G3588
the
θεον
G2316
God

4:3 For what does the scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and for that reason he was cleared of all charges.”

τι
G5101
what
γαρ
G1063
because

G3588
the
γραφη
G1124
[to]-writing
λεγειν
G3004
to-say
επιστευσεν
G4100
trusted
δε
G1161
yet
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham
τω
G3588
[to]-the
θεω
G2316
[to]-God
και
G2532
and
ελογισθη
G3049
was-calculated
αυτω
G846
[to]-[him/her/it]
εις
G1519
into
δικαιοσυνην
G1343
justice

4:4 Now a worker’s wages are not considered a gift but a debt.

τω
G3588
[to]-the
δε
G1161
yet
εργαζομενω
G2038
[to]-working

G3588
the
μισθος
G3408
pay
ου
G3756
not
λογιζεται
G3049
is-calculated
κατα
G2596
down
χαριν
G5485
favor
αλλα
G235
but
κατα
G2596
down
οφειλημα
G3783
debt

4:5 In contrast, the one who does not work but instead trusts in the One who justifies the ungodly, is cleared of all charges because of faith.

τω
G3588
[to]-the
δε
G1161
yet
μη
G3361
not
εργαζομενω
G2038
[to]-working
πιστευοντι
G4100
[to]-trusting
δε
G1161
yet
επι
G1909
on
τον
G3588
the
δικαιουντα
G1344
justifying
τον
G3588
the
ασεβη
G765
irreverent
λογιζεται
G3049
is-calculated

G3588
the
πιστις
G4102
trust
αυτου
G846
[of]-self
εις
G1519
into
δικαιοσυνην
G1343
justice

4:6 Even David says this about the happiness of the person whose charges have been cleared by God apart from actions:

καθαπερ
G2509
just-as
και
G2532
and
δαυιδ
G1138
David
λεγειν
G3004
to-say
τον
G3588
the
μακαρισμον
G3108
happiness
του
G3588
[of]-the
ανθρωπου
G444
[of]-person

G3739
[to]-whom

G3588
the
θεος
G2316
God
λογιζεται
G3049
is-calculated
δικαιοσυνην
G1343
justice
χωρις
G5565
without
εργων
G2041
[of]-actions

4:7 “Happy are they whose lawlessness was pardoned, and whose failures were covered over.

μακαριοι
G3107
happy
ὡν
G3739
[of]-whom
αφεθησαν
G863
they-were-sent-away
αἱ
G3588
the
ανομιαι
G458
lawlessness
και
G2532
and
ὡν
G3739
[of]-whom
επεκαλυφθησαν
G1943
they-were-covered
αἱ
G3588
the
ἁμαρτιαι
G266
failures

4:8 Happy is the one the Master does not charge with failure.”

μακαριος
G3107
blessed
ανηρ
G435
man
οὑ
G3739
[of]-whom
ου
G3756
not
μη
G3361
not
λογισηται
G3049
should-calculate
κυριος
G2962
master
ἁμαρτιαν
G266
failure

4:9 Is this happiness only for the circumcision or also for the uncircumcision? We say that innocence was assigned to Abraham because of his faith.


G3588
the
μακαρισμος
G3108
happiness
ουν
G3767
then
οὑτος
G3778
same
επι
G1909
on
την
G3588
the
περιτομην
G4061
circumcision
η
G2228
or-else
και
G2532
and
επι
G1909
on
την
G3588
the
ακροβυστιαν
G203
foreskin
λεγομεν
G3004
we-are-saying
γαρ
G1063
because
ελογισθη
G3049
was-calculated
τω
G3588
[to]-the
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham

G3588
the
πιστις
G4102
trust
εις
G1519
into
δικαιοσυνην
G1343
justice

4:10 Did circumcision have anything to do with it? No.

πως
G4459
how
ουν
G3767
then
ελογισθη
G3049
was-calculated
εν
G1722
in
περιτομη
G4061
circumcision
οντι
G5607
[to]-being
η
G2228
or-else
εν
G1722
in
ακροβυστια
G203
[to]-foreskin
ουκ
G3756
not
εν
G1722
in
περιτομη
G4061
circumcision
αλλ᾽
G235
but
εν
G1722
in
ακροβυστια
G203
[to]-foreskin

4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the faith that justified him before he was circumcised. So he is considered the ancestor of all who believe without circumcision.

και
G2532
and
σημειον
G4592
sign
ελαβεν
G2983
acquired
περιτομης
G4061
[of]-circumcision
σφραγιδα
G4973
seal
της
G3588
[of]-the
δικαιοσυνης
G1343
[of]-justice
της
G3588
[of]-the
πιστεως
G4102
[of]-trust
της
G3588
[of]-the
εν
G1722
in
τη
G3588
[to]-the
ακροβυστια
G203
[to]-foreskin
εις
G1519
into
το
G3588
the
ειναι
G1511
to-be
αυτον
G846
him/her/it
πατερα
G3962
father
παντων
G3956
[of]-all
των
G3588
[of]-the
πιστευοντων
G4100
[of]-trusting
δι᾽
G1223
through
ακροβυστιας
G203
[of]-foreskin
εις
G1519
into
το
G3588
the
λογισθηναι
G3049
to-calculate
και
G2532
and
αυτοις
G846
[to]-them
την
G3588
the
δικαιοσυνην
G1343
justice

4:12 Yet he is also the ancestor of the circumcised— and not just of those with physical circumcision but also of those who continue to live out the same quality of faith as Abraham.

και
G2532
and
πατερα
G3962
father
περιτομης
G4061
[of]-circumcision
τοις
G3588
[to]-those
ουκ
G3756
not
εκ
G1537
out
περιτομης
G4061
[of]-circumcision
μονον
G3440
only
αλλα
G235
but
και
G2532
and
τοις
G3588
[to]-those
στοιχουσιν
G4748
[to]-marching-in-rank
τοις
G3588
[to]-those
ιχνεσιν
G2487
[to]-steps
της
G3588
[of]-the
εν
G1722
in
τη
G3588
[to]-the
ακροβυστια
G203
[to]-foreskin
πιστεως
G4102
[of]-trust
του
G3588
[of]-the
πατρος
G3962
[of]-father
ἡμων
G2257
[of]-us
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham

4:13 Now the promise to Abraham (or to his Descendant)— that he would inherit the world— did not come by legalistic means, but by his being declared innocent due to his faith.

ου
G3756
not
γαρ
G1063
because
δια
G1223
through
νομου
G3551
[of]-law

G3588
the
επαγγελια
G1860
promise
τω
G3588
[to]-the
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham
η
G2228
or-else
τω
G3588
[to]-the
σπερματι
G4690
[to]-seed
αυτου
G846
[of]-self
το
G3588
the
κληρονομον
G2818
heir
αυτον
G846
him/her/it
ειναι
G1511
to-be
του
G3588
[of]-the
κοσμου
G2889
[of]-arrangement
αλλα
G235
but
δια
G1223
through
δικαιοσυνης
G1343
[of]-justice
πιστεως
G4102
[of]-trust

4:14 For if those under law can enjoy the inheritance, then faith has been emptied and the promise has been nullified.

ει.
G1487
if
γαρ
G1063
because
οἱ
G3588
the
εκ
G1537
out
νομου
G3551
[of]-law
κληρονομοι
G2818
heirs
κεκενωται
G2758
has-been-neutralized

G3588
the
πιστις
G4102
trust
και
G2532
and
κατηργηται
G2673
has-been-neutralized

G3588
the
επαγγελια
G1860
promise

4:15 After all, law brings a guilty verdict, but where there is no law there can be no way to break it.


G3588
the
γαρ
G1063
because
νομος
G3551
law
οργην
G3709
rage
κατεργαζεται
G2716
fully-acts
οὑ
G3739
[of]-whom
γαρ
G1063
because
ουκ
G3756
not
εστιν
G2076
is
νομος
G3551
law
ουδε
G3761
not-even
παραβασις
G3847
transgression

4:16 Therefore, the promise is from faith, making it a matter of favor. In that way the promise was guaranteed as valid to all the descendants— not just to those under the law but also to those with the faith of Abraham. And he is the ancestor of all of us,

δια
G1223
through
τουτο
G5124
this
εκ
G1537
out
πιστεως
G4102
[of]-trust
ἱνα
G2443
that
κατα
G2596
down
χαριν
G5485
favor
εις
G1519
into
το
G3588
the
ειναι
G1511
to-be
βεβαιαν
G949
confirmed
την
G3588
the
επαγγελιαν
G1860
promise
παντι
G3956
[to]-every
τω
G3588
[to]-the
σπερματι
G4690
[to]-seed
ου
G3756
not
τω
G3588
[to]-the
εκ
G1537
out
του
G3588
[of]-the
νομου
G3551
[of]-law
μονον
G3440
only
αλλα
G235
but
και
G2532
and
τω
G3588
[to]-the
εκ
G1537
out
πιστεως
G4102
[of]-trust
αβρααμ
G11
Abraham
ὁς
G3739
who
εστιν
G2076
is
πατηρ
G3962
father
παντων
G3956
[of]-all
ἡμων
G2257
[of]-us

4:17 as the scriptures say: “I have appointed you the ancestor of many nations.” He believed this because it came from the God who makes the dead live again and calls into existence that which does not exist.

καθως
G2531
according-to
γεγραπται
G1125
it-has-been-written
ὁτι
G3754
since
πατερα
G3962
father
πολλων
G4183
[of]-many
εθνων
G1484
[of]-nations
τεθεικα
G5087
I-have-placed
σε
G4571
you
κατεναντι
G2713
in-the-presence-of
οὑ
G3739
[of]-whom
επιστευσεν
G4100
trusted
θεου
G2316
[of]-God
του
G3588
[of]-the
ζωοποιουντος
G2227
[of]-enlivening
τους
G3588
the
νεκρους
G3498
dead
και
G2532
and
καλουντος
G2564
[of]-calling
τα
G3588
the
μη
G3361
not
οντα
G5607
being
ὡς
G5613
as
οντα
G5607
being

4:18 He who was long past hope confidently expected that he would become the ancestor of many nations, just as the promise was stated: “This is how your descendants will be.”

ὁς
G3739
who
παρ᾿
G3844
beside
ελπιδα
G1680
hope
επ᾽
G1909
on
ελπιδι
G1680
[to]-hope
επιστευσεν
G4100
trusted
εις
G1519
into
το
G3588
the
γενεσθαι
G1096
to-become
αυτον
G846
him/her/it
πατερα
G3962
father
πολλων
G4183
[of]-many
εθνων
G1484
[of]-nations
κατα
G2596
down
το
G3588
the
ειρημενον
G2046
having-been-asked
οὑτως
G3779
likewise
εσται
G2071
shall-be
το
G3588
the
σπερμα
G4690
seed
σου
G4675
[of]-you

4:19 And his faith was not weak, even though he realized that his body, which was about a hundred years old, was as good as dead, as also was Sarah’s womb.

και
G2532
and
μη
G3361
not
ασθενησας
G770
being-feeble
τη
G3588
[to]-the
πιστει
G4102
[to]-trust
κατενοησεν
G2657
carefully-considered
το
G3588
the
ἑαυτου
G1438
[of]-self
σωμα
G4983
body
ηδη
G2235
already
νενεκρωμενον
G3499
having-been-dead
ἑκατονταετης
G1541
hundred-year
που
G4226
where
ὑπαρχων
G5225
being
και
G2532
and
την
G3588
the
νεκρωσιν
G3500
deadness
μητρας
G3388
[of]-womb
σαρρας
G4564
[of]-Sarah

4:20 Yet Abraham’s faith in God never wavered; instead it was given new life, for which he exalted God.

εις
G1519
into
δε
G1161
yet
την
G3588
the
επαγγελιαν
G1860
promise
του
G3588
[of]-the
θεου
G2316
[of]-God
ου
G3756
not
διεκριθη
G1252
was-distinguished
τη
G3588
[to]-the
απιστια
G570
[to]-distrust
αλλ᾽
G235
but
ενεδυναμωθη
G1743
was-empowered
τη
G3588
[to]-the
πιστει
G4102
[to]-trust
δους
G1325
giving
δοξαν
G1391
honor
τω
G3588
[to]-the
θεω
G2316
[to]-God

4:21 He was fully assured that God was able to do what was promised.

και
G2532
and
πληροφορηθεις
G4135
being-fully-accomplished
ὁτι
G3754
since

G3588
the
επηγγελται
G1861
has-authoritatively-professed
δυνατος
G1415
able
εστιν
G2076
is
και
G2532
and
ποιησαι
G4160
to-do

4:22 That is the reason he was cleared of all charges.

διο
G1352
for-this-reason
και
G2532
and
ελογισθη
G3049
was-calculated
αυτω
G846
[to]-[him/her/it]
εις
G1519
into
δικαιοσυνην
G1343
justice

4:23 Now these words were not only written for his benefit

ουκ
G3756
not
εγραφη
G1125
was-written
δε
G1161
yet
δι᾽
G1223
through
αυτον
G846
him/her/it
μονον
G3440
only
ὁτι
G3754
since
ελογισθη
G3049
was-calculated
αυτω
G846
[to]-[him/her/it]

4:24 but also for ours. We who put our trust in the One who raised Jesus our Master from the dead will also have all charges against us dropped.

αλλα
G235
but
και
G2532
and
δι᾽
G1223
through
ἡμας
G2248
us
οἱς
G3739
[to]-whom
μελλει
G3195
is-intending
λογιζεσθαι
G3049
to-be-calculated
τοις
G3588
[to]-those
πιστευουσιν
G4100
they-are-trusting
επι
G1909
on
τον
G3588
the
εγειραντα
G1453
awakening
ιησουν
G2424
Jesus
τον
G3588
the
κυριον
G2962
master
ἡμων
G2257
[of]-us
εκ
G1537
out
νεκρων
G3498
[of]-the-dead

4:25 He was handed over because of our blunders and raised to justify us.

ὁς
G3739
who
παρεδοθη
G3860
was-handed-over
δια
G1223
through
τα
G3588
the
παραπτωματα
G3900
blunders
ἡμων
G2257
[of]-us
και
G2532
and
ηγερθη
G1453
was-awakened
δια
G1223
through
την
G3588
the
δικαιωσιν
G1347
justification
ἡμων
G2257
[of]-us