20:1On the First of Sabbaths,1 Mary of Magdala came to the grave before dawn, while it was still dark, and she saw that the stone had been moved away from the tomb.20:2She ran and came to Simon Peter and the other disciple that Jesus was fond of, and she said, “They have taken the Master out of the grave and we didn’t see where they put him!”20:3So Peter and the other disciple went to the grave.20:4They ran together but the other disciple outran Peter and got there first.20:5He bent over and saw the bandages lying there, but he did not go inside.
20:6Then Simon Peter came along and entered into the grave. He saw the bandages lying there,20:7and the sweat cloth that had been on Jesus’ head was folded up in a separate spot.20:8Then the other disciple who had arrived first entered into the grave; he saw and believed.20:9(Up until then, they had not understood that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)20:10Then they returned to the other disciples.
20:11But Mary had stood outside near the grave, sobbing. And while she continued to sob she bent over to look into the grave.20:12She sees two Messengers in white sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one near the head and the other near the feet.20:13And they said to her, “Dear woman, why are you sobbing?”
She replied, “They took my master and I don’t know where they put him.”
20:14Having said this she turned back around and saw Jesus standing there, but she didn’t recognize him.20:15Jesus says to her, “Dear woman, why are you sobbing? Who is it you’re looking for?”
Presuming he was the caretaker, she replied, “Sir, if you took him away, tell me where you put him and I’ll take him.”
20:16Jesus says to her, “Mary!”
She turns toward him and says “Rabboni!”2 which means “teacher.”
20:17“Stop hanging on to me!” Jesus said. “I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my siblings and tell them that I am ascending now to my Father and your Father, my God and your God.”
20:18Mary of Magdala comes to the disciples and announces, “I have seen the Master!” and tells them the things he said to her.20:19It was late in the day, on the First of Sabbaths, and the doors where they were staying were locked for fear of the Judeans. Suddenly Jesus came and stood in the middle of the group and said “Hello!”20:20Then he also showed them his hands and side. They were very happy to see the Master!
20:21He said ‘hello’ to them again, and added, “Just as the Father commissioned me, now I am also sending you.”20:22Having said this he exhaled on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.20:23If you discharge someone’s failures they are discharged, and if you retain them they are retained.”
20:24Now Thomas, one of the Twelve (nicknamed the Twin) was not with them when Jesus came.20:25Then the other disciples said, “We have seen the Master!” But he responded, “Unless I see his hands and press my finger into the exact spot where the nails were, and put my hand on the exact spot in his ribs, I will refuse to believe it!”
20:26Then in the space of eight days the disciples were inside the room again, and Thomas was with them. As before, the doors were locked and Jesus is suddenly standing in the middle of the group and says, “Hello!”20:27Then he said to Thomas, “Reach out with your finger and observe my hands, then reach out with your hand and examine my side. Don’t lose faith, but believe!”
20:28“My Master and my God!” exclaimed Thomas.
20:29Jesus responded, “You have seen and believed; happy are those who believe without seeing!”
20:30Jesus did, in fact, also perform many miracles in view of the disciples, which were not recorded in this book.20:31But what has been written was done in order for you to believe that Jesus is the Anointed, the God-Man, and that by putting your trust in him you can have eternal life.
- 1There is disagreement over whether the expression “first/one of the Sabbaths” simply means “the first day of the week.” But in the context as given by all the Gospel accounts, it refers to the set of Sabbaths following the Passover and ending at Pentecost. From Luke’s account of the two walking to Emmaus on the day of Jesus’ resurrection, we know that they had left from Jerusalem, and Emmaus is about 7 miles away. This would be in violation of the rule restricting travel on a weekly Sabbath to a mile or two. And in Mt. 28:1 it says “after the Sabbaths (pl.), as the light dawned on one/first of the Sabbaths.” So “one of the Sabbaths” could refer to the day of the “sheaf offering” which happened on the day after the first Sabbath after the yearly Passover one.
- 2Rabboni is Aramaic.