23:1So the whole crowd got up and took him to Pilate,23:2where they began to accuse him: “We found this person subverting our nation and agitating against paying taxes to Caesar, and he says he is an anointed king.”
23:3So Pilate asked him, “Are you the king of the Judeans?”
“Yes,” replied Jesus, “you’ve said it yourself.”
23:4Then Pilate said to the ruling priests and the crowd, “I find nothing incriminating against this person.”
23:5But they were insistent: “He agitates the people with his teachings all over Judea, from here to Galilee!”
23:6When Pilate heard this, he wanted to find out if this person were a Galilean.23:7And once he found out that he was under the jurisdiction of Herod, he sent him to him, since he was in Jerusalem at the time.
23:8Now when Herod found out about this he was very pleased, because for a long time he had wanted to meet him, since he had heard so much about him. He especially wanted to see Jesus perform a miracle.23:9But though he asked him many questions, Jesus did not respond.23:10Then the ruling priests and scripture scholars who were standing there began to accuse him vigorously.23:11Even Herod and his troops joined in the jeering, and then they dressed him up in fancy clothes and sent him back to Pilate.23:12(On that very day, Herod and Pilate became friends, though before this they were bitter enemies.)
23:13Pilate then called together the ruling priests and rulers of the people,23:14and he said to them, “You brought this person to me under the charge of subversion, but let it be known that I examined him in your presence and found no basis for the charge.23:15In fact, neither did Herod, seeing that he sent him back to me. So my finding is that he has done nothing worthy of the death penalty.23:16I will have him punished and then released.”123:17
23:18Yet as one they all kept saying, “Away with this one! Release Bar-Abbas to us instead!”23:19(Bar-Abbas was in jail for rioting and murder.)23:20So Pilate informed them again that he wanted to release Jesus,23:21but they shouted back, “Crucify! Crucify him!”23:22Then for the third time Pilate said to them, “What crime has he committed? I have found no reason to charge him with a capital offense! I will punish him and then release him.”
23:23But they only shouted all the louder for him to be crucified, and they finally wore Pilate down.23:24So he granted their demand;23:25he released the one they asked for who had been in jail for rioting and murder, but handed Jesus over to them to do as they wished.23:26And as they led him away, they seized Simon the Cyrenian who was coming in from the fields, forcing him to carry the cross behind Jesus.
23:27There was a large crowd of people following Jesus, including women who grieved and mourned for him.23:28But Jesus turned around to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, don’t weep for me but for yourselves and your children.23:29For the days are coming when people will say, ‘Blessed are the infertile, the wombs that have never given birth, the breasts that have never nursed!’23:30Then they will say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’, and to the hills, ‘Cover us!’23:31For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will they do when it dries up?”
23:32Now two criminals were also taken away with him.23:33And when they reached the place called The Skull they crucified him, putting one criminal to his left and the other to his right.23:34Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t realize what they’re doing.” And they divided up his clothes and gambled for them.
23:35The people stood and watched, and they as well as the rulers mocked him viciously: “He saved others, so let him save himself, if he is the Anointed of God, the Chosen One!”23:36The soldiers jeered too, offering him their cheap wine23:37and saying, “If you are the king of the Judeans, save yourself!”23:38(There was an inscription above him with the words, “This is the King of the Judeans.”)
23:39Even one of the criminals hanging there slandered him and said, “Aren’t you the Anointed? Save yourself and us too!”
23:40But the other one rebuked him and said, “Even now, do you not fear God, since you are under the same judgment?23:41We are only getting what we deserved for our deeds, but this one has done nothing wrong.”23:42And he said to Jesus, “Remember me when you acquire your kingdom!”
23:43“I tell you truly,” Jesus replied, “Today you will be with me in Paradise.”
23:44Now it was already around noon, and darkness covered the whole earth until three in the afternoon,23:45because the sun had gone dark.2 Then the curtain in the temple was ripped down the center,23:46and Jesus shouted out loudly, “Father, into your hands I present my spirit!” And with that, he breathed his last.23:47Now when the Roman army captain saw all this, he gave honor to God and said, “This person had to have been righteous!”23:48And the crowd that had gathered to watch saw this too, and they turned away in shame.23:49But his close friends, including the women who followed him from Galilee, all stood at a distance observing all this.
23:50Then came a man named Joseph, a member of the Council with a reputation as a fair civic benefactor,23:51who had not consented to the Council’s motives and deeds. He was from Arimathea, a city in Judea, and he had been anticipating the kingdom of God.23:52He approached Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body.23:53He took it down and wrapped it in linen, then placed it a new tomb carved out of rock.
23:54It was Preparation Day and the Sabbath was about to start.23:55The women who had come together from Galilee with Jesus had been following along, and they noted the tomb and how his body was placed in it.23:56Then they returned and prepared aromatic spices and perfumed oils.3
- 1Verse 17 (similar content to Matt. 27:15 and Mark 15:6) was a much later addition and thus not authentic to Luke.
- 2The darkness of the sun could not have been a normal eclipse since the Passover occurred near the time of a full moon.
- 3Luke 56 and Mark 16:1 appear on the surface to contradict each other. But Luke does not say exactly when the spices were purchased and prepared, neither activity of which could be done on either the Passover Sabbath or the weekly Sabbath. It is clear in Luke that the women observed the burial on the Preparation Day, but highly doubtful that they would have had time to purchase and prepare the spices in the very short time from then to the start of the Passover Sabbath. So since Mark’s account has the women buying and preparing spices after the Sabbath, it appears that this happened between the Passover Sabbath (Wed. eve. to Thurs. eve.) and the weekly Sabbath (Fri. eve. to Sat. eve). The remainder of this verse has been moved to the beginning of the next chapter, for reasons explained in the footnote there.