24:1The women rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment,1 and at the earliest light of dawn on the First of Sabbaths2 they carried their prepared aromatic spices to the tomb.24:2But the stone had been rolled away from it,24:3and when they entered they did not find the body of Master Jesus.
24:4While they stood there perplexed, suddenly two men in shining attire were standing there!24:5The women became terrified and bowed with their faces to the ground. And the men said to them, “Why are you looking for the living among the dead?24:6He is not here but is risen! Remember how he told you this while you were all still in Galilee?24:7‘The Human must be handed over to deviant people and crucified, but on the third day he will arise.’ ”24:8And then they remembered what he had said.
24:9So the women returned from the tomb and announced all these things to the Eleven and everyone else.24:10(Those who told these things to the Ambassadors were Mary of Magdala, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and their companions.)24:11But they dismissed it all as nonsense and didn’t believe them.24:12Nevertheless, Peter got up and ran to the tomb. He bent over to look inside, and seeing only bandages there, he went away wondering what could have happened.
24:13Now on that very same day, two of them were going to a village called Emmaus, which was about seven miles3 from Jerusalem.24:14They were talking to each other about all that had happened.24:15And while they were talking and arguing, Jesus himself came near and went along with them,24:16but they were kept from recognizing him.
24:17Then he said to them, “What is all this conversation about as you walk along?”
They stood still and looked down in deep disappointment.24:18One of them, named Cleopas, replied, “You must have just arrived in Jerusalem to not know what has been going on here in the last few days.”
24:19“What happened?” Jesus asked.
“It’s all about Jesus of Nazareth,” they answered. “He was a prophet, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people.24:20But the ruling priests and our rulers handed him over to receive the death penalty, and they crucified him.24:21But we had hoped that he was to be the one to liberate Israel. And now we’re into the third day since this all happened.4
24:22“But some of our women told us something amazing. They went to the tomb at dawn24:23but found no body there, so they came and told us they had seen a vision of Messengers, who told them that he is alive!24:24So some of us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, though they did not see him.”
24:25And Jesus said to them, “You’re clueless! You are reluctant to believe all that the prophets said.24:26Was it not necessary for the Anointed to suffer all these things and then to enter into his majesty?”24:27And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted all the scriptures that wrote about him.5
24:28When they were about to enter the village, Jesus acted as though he would continue on his way.24:29But they twisted his arm and said, “We insist that you stay with us! It’s getting dark and the day is almost over.” So he went in to stay with them.24:30But as he reclined at the table with them, he took the bread, blessed it, and handed it to them.24:31Then their eyes were opened and they recognized him, but he vanished from their sight.
24:32And they exclaimed to each other, “Didn’t our hearts burn within us as he spoke with us along the way and shed light on the scriptures?”24:33So they got up at that very hour and returned to Jerusalem. The Eleven had convened a meeting with the others,24:34and they told them, “The Master has indeed arisen and appeared to Simon Peter!”24:35Then the two told what happened to them along the way, and how he revealed himself to them as he broke the bread.
24:36While they were still saying these things, there was Jesus standing among them! “Greetings!” he said.24:37But in their fear and terror they presumed they were seeing a ghost.24:38So he said to them, “Why are you so shaken up? And why do you jump to such conclusions?24:39Observe my hands and feet; it’s me! Touch and examine me; a ghost doesn’t have flesh and bones, as you can clearly see that I have.”24:40And having said this, he showed them his hands and feet.
24:41But they still couldn’t believe it because it seemed too good to be true. So he said to them, “Do you have anything here to eat?”24:42And they handed him some grilled fish,24:43which he took and ate in front of them.24:44Then he said to them, “This is what I was talking about when I was still with you; everything written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Praise Songs had to be fulfilled.”
24:45Then he opened their minds to understand the scriptures,24:46and he said to them, “It is written that the Anointed must suffer and then rise up from the dead the third day.24:47Then proclamation is to be made on his behalf, starting in Jerusalem, for people of all nations to change their minds so they can be cleared of all charges against them.24:48You are witnesses of these things.24:49And now I am certainly sending you what my Father promised. But you must stay in the city until you are clothed with power from above.”
24:50When he had led them out as far as Bethany, he raised his hands and blessed them.24:51And while he was doing this he put some distance between himself and them, and then he was lifted up into the sky.24:52They worshiped him and then returned to Jerusalem with great joy.24:53And they were praising God every day in the temple compound.
- 1A paraphrased quote from Torah Times: The men/de construction links these two days together and prompts consideration of a literary and theological link. The close relationship between 23:56b and 24:1 forms the transition from Luke 23 to Luke 24. The double use of sabbaton and the way Luke has phrased the sentence suggest theological implications as the narrative moves from one day to the next. This is why 23:56b is best considered part of Luke 24 and the resurrection narrative.
- 2First of Sabbaths: The first of the seven Sabbaths after the annual Passover Sabbath which were counting during the 50 days till Shavuot (Pentecost), cf. Lev. 23:15. The Greek word in this text means “Sabbaths,” the same as everywhere else it occurs. It means “one of the Sabbaths” in literal Greek. However, in Jewish Greek, it may stand for “first.”
- 3Seven miles is roughly equivalent to the literal “sixty stadia.” Note also that had this been an ordinary Sabbath, the two would not have been allowed to travel more than one mile.
- 4When the two walking to Emmaus say “it is the third day since all these things happened,” we are left to wonder what “all these things” include. The last thing having to do with Jesus was the sealing of the tomb on the Passover (Mat. 27:62).
- 5It is significant that Jesus could walk through the scriptures and find many clear references to the Messiah. It is not as easy today, since we don’t have a complete and accurate copy of the Greek translation they were using (the Septuagint or LXX), and of course the original Hebrew writings were lost. This explains why many claim that the Old Testament does not teach what Christians believe about Jesus as the Messiah, as well as supporting the suspicion that such references were deliberately made less clear.