To The Corinthians 1

1:1Paul, appointed an Ambassador of Anointed Jesus through the will of God, and brother Sosthenes,

1:2To the Congregation of God in Corinth, those who have been set apart in the anointing of Jesus, appointed and set apart along with all those everywhere who invoke the Name of our Master Jesus the Anointed, who is both our Master and theirs:

1:3Favor, compassion, and peace to you all from God our Father and Anointed Jesus our Master.

1:4I am always grateful to my God for you because of his favor given to you through Anointed Jesus.1:5In everything you say and do you are enriched in Him,1:6as confirmed by your testimony of the Anointed,1:7so that you lack no gift as you anticipate the revelation of our Master Jesus the Anointed.1:8He will also keep you firm to the end, blameless on the Day of our Master Jesus the Anointed.1:9God, through whom you were called into partnership with his Son Jesus the Anointed our Master, is trustworthy.

1:10Now, brothers and sisters, I plead with you through the Name of our Master Jesus the Anointed, that you all agree and that there may not be factions among you, but instead that you are fully equipped with one mind and opinion.1:11Sisters and brothers, it has come to my attention via some of Chloe’s followers1 that there are rivalries among you.1:12I’m referring to the way each of you says, “I follow Paul” or “I follow Apollos” or “I follow Cephas” or “I follow the Anointed.”1:13You have carved up the Anointed!

Paul was not crucified for your sakes, nor did you invoke the name of Paul when were you were immersed.1:14Thankfully I didn’t immerse any of you except Crispus and Gaius,1:15so that no one can claim they were immersed invoking my name.1:16Oh, and I immersed the household of Stephanas, but I don’t recall immersing anyone else.

1:17For the Anointed did not commission me to immerse but to bring the Gospel— and not with sophisticated words which would drain the power from the cross of the Anointed.1:18In fact, what we say about the cross sounds ridiculous to those who are on the road to destruction, but it is the power of God to us who are being saved.1:19For it is written, “I will annihilate the wisdom of the wise, and I will confound the understanding of the educated.”1:20Where is the wise one? Where is the scholar? Where is the philosopher of this age? God has made a mockery of the world’s wisdom!

1:21The fact is that in his wisdom God decided to save those who would believe by means of this “ridiculous” proclamation, not by the wisdom of the world.1:22The Judeans demand miraculous signs and the Greeks rely on wisdom,1:23but we proclaim the crucified Anointed— a trap for the Judeans and nonsense to non-Judeans.1:24Yet to those who are appointed, both Judeans and Greeks, the Anointed is the power and wisdom of God.1:25His “foolishness” is wiser than people’s wisdom, and his “weakness” is stronger than people’s strength!

1:26Brothers and sisters, consider the circumstances of your appointment: not many of you were considered wise, not many had power, not many were of noble birth.1:27But God chose the foolish to shame the wise; he chose the weak of the world to disgrace the strong;1:28he chose the lowly, the outcast, and that which does not exist, to neutralize what does exist,1:29so that nobody could brag before God.1:30Yet you belong to him and are united with Anointed Jesus, who became wisdom from God to us, as well as justice and holiness and freedom.1:31So, as it is written, “Let the one who brags, brag about the Master!”

2:1So when I came to you, sisters and brothers, I did not come with high-sounding words of wisdom as I announced the hidden secret of God to you;2:2I resolved to stay focused on Jesus the Anointed, the Crucified One.2:3I came to you in weakness, with sincere concern.22:4And my word and proclamation was not delivered with persuasive words of wisdom, but with the evidence of spirit and power,2:5so that your faith would not be in people’s wisdom but in God’s power.

2:6Yet we do use wisdom among the mature— not the wisdom of this age nor of its rulers, which will amount to nothing—2:7but the wisdom of God, a hidden secret that God set up beforehand for our honor, before the ages.2:8Not one of the rulers of this age knew about this, or they would never have crucified the honorable Master.2:9As it is written, “No eye has seen, no ear has heard, nor has it occurred to anyone what God prepared for those who love him.”2:10But God reveals this to us by means of the Spirit, for the Spirit scrutinizes everything, even to the very depths of God.2:11Who can know what is in a person, except that person’s own spirit? Likewise, no one can come to know what is in God except his Spirit.

2:12Now we did not receive the spirit of the world but the Spirit of God, so that we can come to know what God has graciously given us.2:13And the words we speak were not taught to us in human wisdom but spiritual; spiritual words must match spiritual wisdom.2:14Now the soulish person does not accept what comes from the Spirit of God, because such things sound ridiculous to them; they cannot fathom them because they are spiritually examined.2:15But the spiritual one examines everything, while others cannot examine the spiritual one.2:16And who has come to know the mind of the Master or been his equal? But we have the mind of the Anointed.

3:1Brothers and sisters, I could not speak to you as spiritual people but as carnal, as if you are infantile as far as the Anointed is concerned.3:2I gave you milk to drink instead of solid food because you couldn’t take that— and you still can’t.3:3You are still carnal, with your inflamed passions and rivalry. Are you not carnal like everyone else?3:4When you say “I follow Paul” or “I follow Apollos,” are you not merely human? For those who say such things are carnal.

3:5So who is Apollos? Who is Paul? Only servants through whom you believed as the Master assigned each of them.33:6I planted and Apollos watered, but God makes it grow,3:7so that neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but only God who makes it grow.3:8The one who plants and the one who waters are each paid according to their own labor.3:9We are co-workers of God on his field, and you are the building.

3:10According to the favor God granted me, I laid a foundation as a wise foreman, and someone else is building upon it. But let each one be careful how they build!3:11For no one can lay any other foundation beside the one already set: Jesus the Anointed.3:12The material someone builds with— gold, silver, gems, wood, hay, or straw—3:13that person’s work will become obvious in that Day. It will be revealed with fire; the fire will test the quality of each one’s work.3:14Whatever is left standing will be the basis for their reward.3:15But if someone’s work is completely burned up, they will forfeit any reward. Yet they themselves will be saved, in spite of the fire.

3:16Do you not know that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God has taken up residence in you?3:17If anyone ruins the temple of God, that one will be ruined, for the temple of God is holy, and that’s what all of you are.3:18Don’t be deluded! If anyone among you presumes to be wise in this age, let them become foolish in order to become wise.3:19For the wisdom of this world is foolishness before God. As it is written, “He captures the wise in their craftiness,”3:20and again, “The Master knows that the thinking of the wise is pointless.”

3:21So then, no more bragging about people, for everything is yours—3:22whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or what exists or is still to come— it’s all yours.3:23Yet you are the Anointed’s, and he is God’s.

4:1So then, let us consider people as deputies of the Anointed and administrators of the secrets of God.4:2In addition, what is desired in such administrators is that they are found faithful.4:3Now whether you or any human court puts me on trial, I couldn’t care less; I don’t even judge myself.4:4My conscience is clear, but that cannot justify me— only the Master can put me on trial.4:5So judge nothing prematurely; wait until the Master returns, who will illuminate the things hidden in the dark and expose the inner motives of the heart. Then each one will get their praise from God.

4:6Sisters and brothers, I am trying to illustrate these things for you by applying them to myself and Apollos, so that through this example you may learn not to go beyond what it written, and so that no one will elevate one person over another.4:7What makes any of you so different? What do you have that you weren’t given? And if you were given it, why do you brag about it?4:8You are already filled, you are already rich, you reign like kings without us! I wish you really did reign so we could reign with you!

4:9I really think God put us Ambassadors last, as if we were being put on display to the world like condemned prisoners, to both Messengers and humans.4:10We are fools for the Anointed while you are so wise; we are weak while you are strong; we are despised while you are highly esteemed.4:11Even now we hunger and thirst, we are poorly clothed and beaten, we have to keep moving.4:12And we keep laboring, working with our own hands. We respond to verbal abuse with blessing; we tolerate persecution, we respond to cursing with encouragement.4:13In all things we are treated as the dross or scum of the world, right up to this very day.

4:14Now I am not writing all this to shame you, but to warn you as my own dear children.4:15For although you may have ten thousand tutors concerning the Anointed, you nevertheless have few fathers; I fathered you by means of the Gospel of Anointed Jesus.4:16So that is why I plead with you to imitate me.4:17For this reason I sent you Timothy, my dear child who is faithful to the Master. He will remind you of my ways concerning the Anointed, just as I teach everywhere in every Congregation.

4:18Now some are getting cocky, as if I will not come to you.4:19But I will certainly come shortly, if the Master allows it, and then we’ll see what they’re made of!4:20For the kingdom of God is not made of empty words but of power.4:21So what will it be? Should I come with a rod in my hand, or in a loving and gentle spirit?

5:1It is common knowledge that there is promiscuity among you, and of a kind not even seen among the non-Judeans: a man has his father’s wife.5:2And you are proud! Should you not instead mourn, so that the one committing this act is removed from among you?5:3I may not be there in person, but I am with you in spirit, and I have already judged the one who has done this just as I would if I were there.5:4When you are assembled together in the Name of our Master Jesus, and I am with you there in spirit along with the power of our Master Jesus,5:5hand this one over to the Adversary for the extermination of the flesh, so that the spirit may be saved on the Day of the Master.

5:6Your bragging is not exactly the best thing to do. Don’t you know that it only takes a little yeast to make the whole loaf rise?5:7Then purge the old yeast, so that you can be a “fresh loaf” without yeast to go along with our sacrificed Passover (the Anointed).5:8Let us observe the Festival, not with the old yeast of evil and malice, but with the bread without yeast, with sincerity and truth.

5:9When I wrote to you before, I told you not to mingle with the promiscuous,5:10but I didn’t mean those of the world— the greedy, extortioners, and idolaters. In that case you’d have to completely leave the world.5:11But what I’m saying is that you must not mingle with anyone who is called a sister or brother that is promiscuous, or greedy, or an idolater, or a mocker, or a drunkard, or an extortioner. Do not even eat with people like that!5:12After all, what business is it of mine to judge outsiders? Are you not to judge those on the inside?5:13God will judge the outsiders. So expel the evil one from among you!

6:1If anyone among you has a legal dispute with another, you actually dare to take your case before the unjust and not the holy ones.6:2What!? Do you not know that the holy ones will judge the world? And if you will judge the world, can’t you handle even small-claims court?6:3You don’t seem to realize that we will judge the Messengers; how can you not judge the ordinary things of life?6:4Wouldn’t the least among you make better judges than outsiders?

6:5Now I am saying this to shame you! There is not one wise person among you who is able to judge between fellow believers,6:6so one sues another— and in front of unbelievers!6:7So you have already utterly failed because of these lawsuits among yourselves. Wouldn’t it be better to be wronged? Wouldn’t it be better to be cheated?6:8But you are injuring and cheating your own sisters and brothers!

6:9What!? Do you not understand that the unjust will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be fooled; the promiscuous, idolaters, adulterers, perverts, homosexuals,6:10thieves, the greedy, drunkards, trash talkers, extortioners— these will not inherit the kingdom of God.6:11And that’s what some of you were. But you were washed, you were made holy, you were acquitted in the Name of the Master Jesus the Anointed and in the Spirit of our God.

6:12“Everything is allowed to me,” but not everything is to my advantage. “Everything is allowed to me,” but I will not be put under the jurisdiction of anything.6:13“Food for the belly and the belly for food, and God will discard them both”. Yet the body is not for promiscuity but for the Master, and the Master for the body.6:14Now God raised the Master and will raise us through his power.

6:15Do you not know that your bodies are parts of the Anointed? And should I take those parts of the Anointed away and make them parts of a prostitute? Absolutely not!6:16What!? Do you not know that when someone joins to a prostitute the two of them become one flesh? It is written explicitly, “The two will be one flesh.”6:17Yet the one joining to the Master is one with him in spirit.

6:18So run from promiscuity. Every other failure a person commits is outside of their body, but the one who is promiscuous fails against their own body.6:19Don’t you realize that your bodies are the temple of the Holy Spirit in you, which you got from God, and you are not your own?6:20For you were bought at a steep price. So then: honor God with your body.

7:1Now concerning what you wrote: “It is good for a man not to be intimate with a woman.”7:2On the contrary: because there is so much promiscuity, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband.7:3The husband is obligated to give his wife what is rightfully hers, and likewise the wife to her husband.7:4For the wife is not the only one with authority over her body; her husband has it too. Likewise, the husband does not have exclusive authority to his body, but shares it with his wife.

7:5Do not deprive each other unless you both agree to it so you can devote yourselves to prayer, and only for a limited time, so that the Adversary cannot tempt you because of your lack of self-control.7:6Now I’m only saying this as a concession, not a command.7:7I would prefer everyone to be as I am, but each has their own gift from God; one has this while another has that.

7:8Now let me say this to the unmarried and the widows: Ideally, they should remain as I am.7:9But if they cannot control themselves, let them marry, because it’s better to marry than to be consumed with desire.

7:10Now to the married4 (and this is not from me but from the Master): that woman must not separate from her husband.7:11Yet if she does, she should remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband. And the husband is not to leave his wife.

7:12Now to the rest of you (and this is from me, not the Master): If any brother has an unbelieving wife and she agrees to stay with him, he must not leave her.7:13Likewise, if any sister has an unbelieving husband who wishes to stay with her, she must not leave him.7:14For the unbelieving husband has been made holy by the sister, and the unbelieving wife has been made holy by the brother. Otherwise, your children would be impure, whereas now they are holy.

7:15Yet if the unbeliever wants to leave, let them leave. A brother or sister is not to be enslaved in such cases; instead, God has called you to live in peace.7:16After all, sister, you do not know that you will save your husband; brother, you do not know that you will save your wife.

7:17Let each one keep going according to what the Master apportioned and God has called them; this is my prescription for all the Congregations.7:18Was anyone circumcised? You can’t take it back. Were you uncircumcised? Don’t be circumcised.7:19Whether you’re circumcised or not is irrelevant; all that matters is keeping God’s commands.7:20So let each one remain in the place to which they were called.

7:21If you were called while a slave, don’t let it concern you— but if you get a chance to be freed, take it!7:22For a slave of the Master is freed by the Master; a free person united with the Anointed is the Anointed’s slave.7:23You were bought at a steep price, so do not become slaves of people.7:24Again, let each one remain as they were when God called them.

7:25Now concerning women of marriageable age: I have no decree from the Master so I will give you my opinion as one who has been shown by the Master’s mercy to be faithful.7:26I think it’s best for people to stay as they are at present.7:27But if you are pledged to marry, don’t call it off. If you are not pledged to marry, don’t look for a mate.7:28Yet if you do get married you have not failed. I just want to spare you an added burden in this life.

7:29What I’m trying to tell you is that the time is short. It’s as if the married are single,7:30the bereaved don’t cry, the happy don’t celebrate, the shoppers don’t buy,7:31and those who enjoy the world are left wanting, for the fabric of the world is changing.

7:32Yet I don’t want you to be overly concerned about this. The unmarried one can concetrate on how to please the Master,7:33but the married one has to also be concerned about worldly things because they must please their mate,7:34so they are divided between the two. The single woman and the woman of marriageable age can concentrate on the things of the Master, that she may be holy in body and spirit. But the married woman has to attend to worldly things, to pleasing her husband.7:35Now I’m not saying this to restrict you, but for your own good, so you will focus on being respectable and attentive to the Master.

7:36If the man is behaving indecently toward his fiancée and has gone too far, then let it happen; it is not wrong to marry.7:37But if he has made up his mind and does not feel compelled to marry but can control himself, he does well.7:38Of course, if he marries he also does well, but if he doesn’t, he does even better.7:39The woman is bound as long as her husband lives, but if he dies, she is free to marry whoever she wants— but he must be a believer.7:40Yet in my opinion I think she will be happier if she stays single— and I’m pretty sure I have the Spirit of God.5

8:1Now concerning idol sacrifices, we all think we know something. But though knowledge can make us conceited, love builds us up.8:2If anyone thinks they know something, it only proves how little they really know;8:3but whoever loves God is known by him.

8:4So then, about eating food that has been sacrificed to idols: We know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other God.8:5So even if there are others called “gods”— whether in heaven or on earth where there are many “gods” and many masters—8:6to us there is only one God, the Father, from whom everything comes, and we belong to him. And there is one Master, Jesus the Anointed, through whom everything exists, including us.

8:7But not everyone knows this. Some who were accustomed to idols still can’t eat the food that had been offered to them without considering it a sacrifice, and so their fragile conscience is violated.8:8Now food does not give us good standing before God, whether we nibble or stuff ourselves.

8:9But be careful not to let this right of yours become a stumbling block to the weak.8:10If you have this understanding and someone sees you dining in an idol’s shrine, won’t you be damaging their fragile conscience by being seen eating there?8:11You would be destroying the weak one with your knowledge— and this is your brother or sister for whom the Anointed died!8:12In doing this, you would be failing your sisters and brothers and beating on their fragile consciences, and ultimately failing against the Anointed.8:13For that reason, if food becomes a trap for a brother or sister I’ll never eat meat again, just so I won’t lay a trap for them.

9:1Am I not free? Am I not an Ambassador? Have I not seen Jesus our Master? Are you not my accomplishment concerning the Master?9:2Even if I am not an Ambassador to others, I certainly am to you! For you are the official seal of my commission by the Master.

9:3So my defense to those who have put me on trial is this:9:4Do we not have the right to eat and drink?9:5Do we not have the right to take a believing spouse with us, just like the rest of the Ambassadors, the Master’s brothers, and Cephas?9:6What?! Is it only I and Barnabas who do not have the privilege of being supported?9:7Who goes to war but has to supply their own rations? Who plants a vineyard and gets none of the produce? Who tends a flock but gets none of the milk from it?

9:8And I’m not making this up out of my head; the Law says the same thing.9:9For in the law of Moses it is written, “Do not muzzle an ox while it threshes the grain.” Do you really think God only said this for the benefit of oxen?9:10What?! He is obviously saying it to us, for our benefit. For it is written that the one who plows and the one who threshes expect to have a share in the crop.

9:11So since we have planted spiritual things for you, are we asking too much when we expect physical produce from you?9:12If others have this right from you, why not us all the more? But in spite of all that, we do not use these rights; instead we forfeit them all so that we put no obstacle in front of the Gospel of the Anointed.

9:13Do you not know that the ones who work in the temple eat the offerings? Just as those who attend to the altar get a share in the offerings,9:14so also the Master prescribed a living from the Gospel for those who proclaim it.9:15Yet I have not exercised any of these rights— and I’m not writing this so I can start. I’d rather die than be deprived of my boast!9:16For if I am to announce the Gospel, it’s not something for me to brag about, but something I must do, and woe to me if I don’t!9:17If I do this voluntarily I am earning wages, but if I do it involuntarily I am only discharging my duty.9:18So what is my wage? To bring the Gospel free of charge, waiving my rights.

9:19By being free of all obligation I become the slave of all, so as to gain all the more.9:20To the Judeans I became a Judean, in order to win them over. To those under the Law I became under the Law— though I myself am not under it— in order to win them over.9:21To those without the Law I became as without the law— not that I am free from God’s law, since I am the legal property of the Anointed— in order to win them over.9:22To the weak I became weak, to win them over. To everyone I became whatever I needed to become, so that some could be saved.9:23I did it all so I could be a joint partner of the Gospel.

9:24Do you not know that the competitors in a stadium all run the race, but only one gets the prize? You too must run to win the prize.9:25Every athlete trains in order to win a perishable medal, but we are after an imperishable one.9:26So then, I do not run aimlessly; I am not like a poor boxer who only punches the air.9:27Instead, I defeat my body and subdue it, so that in the process of proclaiming [the Gospel] to others, I don’t find myself disqualified.

10:1Now sisters and brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact that all our ancestors were under the cloud, and they all passed through the sea.10:2All of them were thereby “immersed” with Moses;10:3they all ate the same spiritual food10:4and drank the same spiritual drink, which flowed out of the spiritual Rock they followed— and that Rock was the Anointed.10:5Yet the majority of them displeased God and they were scattered around in the wilderness.

10:6Now these things became examples for us so that we would not crave worthless things like they did.10:7Don’t become idolaters as some of them did. As it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink, and then got up to play.”10:8And do not become promiscuous as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand of them died in one day.10:9And we must not provoke the Anointed as some of them did, and they were killed by serpents.10:10Do not grumble as some of them did, who were wiped out by the Exterminator.

10:11All of those things happened to them as a warning for us to whom the completion of the ages has come.10:12So then, let those who think they stand strong be careful that they don’t fall.10:13No trial has come upon you but that which all people experience. But God is faithful; he will not abandon you to be tested beyond your limit but will carry you to safety.10:14So, dear ones, run from idolatry.

10:15Let the sensible ones judge what am saying.10:16The cup of blessing we bless— isn’t it partnership with the blood of the Anointed? The bread we break— isn’t it partnership with the body of the Anointed?10:17For we who are many are one bread, one body; we all share in that one loaf.

10:18Look at physical Israel; aren’t those who eat the sacrifices in partnership with the altar?10:19Now do you think I’m trying to argue that a sacrifice to an idol is anything, or that the idol is anything?10:20Those that they sacrifice to are demons, not God, and I’m certainly not intending for you to become partners with demons!10:21You cannot drink the cup of the Master and of demons; you cannot eat at the table of the Master and of demons.10:22What?! We would be provoking the Master to jealousy, and we are not stronger than he is!

10:23“Everything is allowable,” but not everything is a good idea. “Everything is allowable,” but not everything builds you up.10:24Don’t only be concerned about your own welfare but also that of others.10:25So don’t go to the meat market and start worrying about whether it might violate your conscience; just eat.10:26For “The earth is the Master’s, and everything in it.”

10:27If an unbeliever invites you to eat and you want to go, eat whatever is placed before you and don’t ask questions.10:28But if they say to you, “This was offered in sacrifice,” then don’t eat it, for the unbeliever’s sake and for conscience’ sake.10:29Now by conscience, I mean that of the other person, not you. After all, why should my freedom be decided by someone else’s conscience?10:30If I am partaking with gratitude, why should I be slandered over something I give thanks for?

10:31So then, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do it all to honor God.10:32Try not to offend Judeans or Greeks or God’s Congregation,10:33just as I, in all things, do not seek only my own good but the good of many so that they may be saved.11:1Imitate me the way I also imitate the Anointed.

11:2Now I commend you for remembering me and keeping the traditions I handed to you.11:3But I want you to understand that the “head”6 of every man is the Anointed, the “head” of the woman is the man, and the “head” of the Anointed is God.11:4[You write,]

“It is disgraceful for any man to pray or prophesy with something on his head,11:5but it is disgraceful for a woman to do so with her head uncovered, because it would be like having her head shaved.11:6Because if she doesn’t cover then she must be shaved too. But if being shaved is shameful then she must wear a covering.”

11:7Certainly a man shouldn’t cover his head since he represents the dignity of God, yet at the same time, the woman represents the dignity of man.11:8After all, man’s origin is not woman, but woman’s origin is man,11:9and the man was not created for the woman’s sake but the woman for the man’s.11:10For this reason the woman has the power to decide what to put on her own head,7 for the sake of the Messengers.11:11With the Master, however, woman and man are not independent of each other.11:12For just as woman came from man, so also all men have come from women ever since— but we all come from God.

11:13You all must judge as to whether it’s proper for a woman to pray to God without a head covering,11:14since nature tells us nothing about this. Fancy hair may be a disgrace for men11:15but an honor for women, to whom hair has been given as a natural article of clothing.11:16But if anybody wants to argue about it, consider that neither we nor any of God’s Congregations has any such custom.

11:17Now in this instruction I do not commend you, because your meetings are doing more harm than good.11:18First of all, I’m hearing that when you meet together there are factions among you, and I believe at least part of it.11:19I suppose you need those divisions in order for the qualified ones to show off!

11:20Secondly, when you eat together it is not the Master’s meal at all.11:21One gobbles their meal before the rest, another goes hungry, and still another gets drunk!11:22Don’t you people have homes to eat and drink in? What?! You are scorning God’s Congregation and humiliating those who have nothing! What do you expect me to say to you? Do you think I’ll pat you on the back? Not a chance!

11:23This is what I accepted from the Master and passed on to you: On the night he was arrested, the Master Jesus broke some bread,11:24gave thanks for it, and said, “This is my body, broken on your account; do this to remember me.”11:25Likewise also with the cup; after dinner he said, “This is the cup of the new unilateral contract, signed in my blood; as often as you drink this, do it to remember me.”11:26So as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you announce the death of the Master until he returns.

11:27So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Master in a disrespectful manner is held liable for the body and blood of the Master.11:28So each of you must test yourselves before eating the bread and drinking from the cup.11:29Any who don’t acknowledge his body are eating and drinking condemnation upon themselves.11:30That is the reason there are many among you who are weak and always sick, and a fair number have even died.11:31But if we examine ourselves we will not fall under judgment.11:32Yet when we come under judgment it is the Master’s discipline, so that we will not be condemned along with the world.

11:33So then sisters and brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for each other.11:34If anyone is hungry they can eat at home so they do not come into judgement when they meet. And I will give you more instructions when I come to see you.

12:1Now concerning the spiritual, brothers and sisters, I don’t want you to be ignorant.12:2You know that when you were among the non-Judeans you were captivated by mute idols.12:3Therefore I declare to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God can say a curse on Jesus, and no one can really say “Jesus is Master” if they do not have the Holy Spirit.

12:4There are various gifts but the same Spirit;12:5there are various services but the same Master;12:6there are various activities but the same God is active in all of them.12:7The expression of the Spirit is given to each one for the common good:

  • to one is given a word of wisdom;
  • to another, a word of knowledge according to the same Spirit;
  • 12:9to another, faith in the same Spirit;
  • to another, gifts of healing according to the same Spirit;
  • 12:10to another, the ability to do powerful works;
  • to another, prophecy;
  • to another, discernment of spirits;
  • to another, unknown languages;
  • to another, the translation of languages.

12:11Now all of these are activated by one and the same Spirit, who gives them out to each one as it sees fit.12:12Just as there is one body with many parts (although there are many parts, there is only one body), so it is with the Anointed.12:13For in that one Spirit we were all immersed into one body, whether Judeans or Greeks or slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.

12:14So the Body has many parts.12:15If the foot should say, “Since I am not a hand I am not part of the body,” that doesn’t make it any less a part of the body.12:16And if the ear should say, “Since I am not an eye I am not part of the body,” that doesn’t make it any less a part of the body.12:17If the whole body were an eye, how could it hear? If it were all ears, how could it smell anything?12:18Now God has placed each part in the Body as he saw fit.12:19If it were all one part it would not be a body!12:20But in fact, there are many parts but one body.12:21The eye cannot say to the hand, “I don’t need you!”; the head cannot say to the feet, “I don’t need you!”

12:22Rather, those parts of the body that seem weaker are more necessary,12:23and those parts that we consider nothing we actually treat with more respect. We cover our private parts but give them the utmost respect and care,12:24while our “respectable” parts have no such need. So God assembled the body and gave the most vulnerable parts the greatest honor.12:25This is so the body will not be divided but will have each part caring for all the other parts.12:26So whatever one part experiences, so do all the other parts. If one part is honored, all the other parts celebrate together with it.12:27So you are the body of the Anointed; you are its individual parts.

12:28Now this is what God has placed in the Congregation: first Ambassadors, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of divine healings, perceptions, guidance, and supernaturally-understood languages.812:29Not all are Ambassadors; not all are prophets; not all are teachers; not all perform miracles;12:30not all have divine healing gifts; not all can supernaturally speak in other languages; not all translate.12:31Instead, aspire to the greater gifts. And now I will show you the absolute greatest path.

13:1If I were to speak in the languages of people and Messengers, yet have no love, I would be like noisy metal or a clanging cymbal.13:2And if I were to be prophetic and perceive all secrets and have all knowledge, and have a faith that can move mountains, yet have no love, I am nothing.13:3And if I were to give away all my possessions and even give up my body so I could brag, yet have no love, I gain nothing.

13:4Love is patient and kind. Love is not obsessed, not arrogant, not conceited,13:5not rude, not self-seeking, not thin-skinned, and does not keep an account of offenses.13:6It does not gloat over injustice but celebrates the truth;13:7it puts up with everything, trusts everything, expects everything, and endures everything.

13:8Love never fails. If there are prophecies they will cease to be useful; if there are languages they will stop; if there is knowledge it will cease to be useful.13:9For we only have partial knowledge and partial prophecy,13:10but when all is completed the partial will cease to be useful.13:11When I was a baby I spoke, thought, and reasoned like a baby. But now that I’ve grown up I have no more use for those baby things.

13:12Right now we see all this as though we are looking at a puzzle in a mirror, but then we will see face to face; right now I have partial knowledge, but then I will know as thoroughly as I am known.13:13For now, these three remain: faith, hope, and love; but the greatest of these is love.

14:1Chase after love, but set your hearts on spiritual gifts, especially prophecy.14:2For the one who speaks in an unknown language does not speak to people but to God, because no one else can comprehend it; they are telling spiritual secrets.14:3But the one who prophesies builds people up, giving them strength and comfort.

14:4The one speaking in an unlearned language builds up only that person, but the one who prophesies builds up the Congregation.14:5I would prefer that all of you could speak in unlearned languages, but even more that you could prophesy, because the one who prophesies is greater than the one who speaks in unlearned languages— unless there is a translator so that the Congregation benefits.

14:6Sisters and brothers, if I came to you speaking unknown languages, what benefit would I be giving you if I never speak to you by revelation or knowledge or prophecy or teaching?14:7Consider inanimate things like the flute or harp; if the notes are not played distinctly, who will know the songs?14:8And who would prepare for battle if the trumpet is not sounded clearly?

14:9In the same way, who will know what you’re saying if you only speak in unknown languages? You’d only be talking to the air.14:10The world is filled with all kinds of sounds,14:11but if I cannot make sense of a sound I will be a foreigner to the one making it, and they will be a foreigner to me.

14:12As for you, since you are so eager to have spiritual gifts, go all out for those that build up the Congregation.14:13So if someone speaks in an unlearned language they should also pray that they can translate,14:14because if I only pray in an unlearned language, my spirit prays but my mind gets nothing out of it.14:15So what will I do? I will pray spiritually but also rationally; I will play music spiritually but also play it rationally.

14:16Otherwise, if this is only done spiritually, how would a visitor say “Absolutely!” to your thanksgiving since they have no clue what you’re going on about?14:17You may be giving thanks well enough, but the visitor gets no benefit at all.14:18I thank God that I speak in unlearned languages more than the rest of you,14:19but in the Congregation I’d much rather speak five intelligible words that instruct others, than ten thousand words in an unlearned language.

14:20Brothers and sisters, don’t have a childish perspective: be babies when it comes to evil, but be mature in how you view this.14:21In the Law it is written, “‘I will speak to this people in various languages and by the lips of others, but they will refuse to listen to me’, says the Master.”14:22So then, unknown languages are a sign— not for believers but for unbelievers. Conversely, prophecy is not for unbelievers but for believers.

14:23So when you meet together in one place as a Congregation, and everyone is speaking in unlearned languages, suppose a visitor or an unbeliever arrives. Won’t they say you are all out of your minds?14:24But if a visitor or an unbeliever arrives when you are prophesying, they come under conviction by all of this14:25and the condition of their heart is made obvious. Then they will fall down to worship God and exclaim, “God is truly among you!”

14:26Then what is this that’s happening when you get together, sisters and brothers? Everyone has a song of praise, a teaching, a revelation, an unknown language and a translation, but everything must be done for building people up.14:27If anyone speaks in an unknown language, two or at the most three should speak, one at a time, and someone must translate.14:28If there is no translator they should keep quiet in the meeting; let them speak to themselves and to God.

14:29As for prophets, let a few speak while the others judge what is said.14:30If a revelation comes to another who is sitting there, the first one should stop.14:31You can all prophesy in turn so that everyone may learn and be comforted,14:32because the spirits of the prophets are under their control.14:33For God is not the God of disorder but of peace, as in all the Congregations of the holy ones.

14:34[You write,]

“The women must be silent in the meeting; they are not allowed to speak but must be supportive, as the law also says.14:35If they want to learn anything they must learn from their own husbands at home. For it is vile for a woman to speak in the meeting.”

14:36What?! Did the Word of God originate with you? Do you really think you are the only ones to whom it was given?14:37Whoever presumes to be a prophet or to be spiritual must realize that what I’m writing to you is a directive from the Master.14:38Whoever is wrong about this is wrong indeed!

14:39So then, sisters and brothers, be eager to prophesy and do not prevent people from speaking in unknown languages.14:40Yet do everything decently and in order.

15:1Now what I’m telling you, brothers and sisters, is the Gospel I delivered to you and you accepted, and in which you have stood15:2and are saved— that is, unless you never really took it to heart and your faith wasn’t genuine.15:3What I first handed over to you is what I too had accepted: that the Anointed died for our failures according to the Writings,15:4and that he was buried, and that he has been raised the third day according to the Writings,15:5and that he was then seen by Cephas and then the Twelve.

15:6After that he was seen by over five hundred sisters and brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, although some have been laid to rest.15:7Then he was seen by James, then all the rest of the Ambassadors,15:8and last of all by me, as if I were some kind of miscarriage.15:9For I am the least of the Ambassadors and don’t even deserve to be called one, because I persecuted the Congregation of God.15:10Yet by his favor I am what I am. And his favor was not without results in me, but in fact I worked harder than all of them— but of course not I, but the favor of God that was with me.15:11So then, no matter who it is, we have proclaimed and so you believed.

15:12Now if the Anointed is being proclaimed as having risen from the dead, how is it that some of you are reported as saying there is no such resurrection?15:13If that can’t happen, then neither did the Anointed rise—15:14and if that’s true then both our proclamation and your faith was for nothing!15:15What’s more, we are then guilty as false witnesses of God, seeing that we have testified before God that he raised the Anointed— which couldn’t have happened if the dead are not raised.

15:16Once again: if the dead are not raised then neither was the Anointed.15:17And if he wasn’t raised then your faith is worthless and you are still in your failures.15:18Consequently, those believers united with the Anointed who have been laid to rest are gone forever.15:19If our hope in the Anointed is only for this life, then we are the most pitiful people of all!

15:20Yet the Anointed has in fact risen from the dead, the first harvest of them.15:21For since death came through a human, the resurrection of the dead also comes through a human.15:22Just as we all die because of Adam, so also we will all be made alive because of the Anointed—15:23yet each in turn: the Anointed as the first harvest, then those belonging to the Anointed upon his arrival,15:24and finally the completion when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father and neutralizes all rule and authority and power.

15:25For he must reign until he places all opponents under his feet,15:26and the last opponent to be neutralized is Death.15:27“Everything was aligned under his feet.”9 Now when it is said that all has been aligned under his feet, it is obvious that this excludes the One who put them there.15:28But when everything aligns with the Son, then he himself will be aligned with the One who aligned everything to him, so that everything will be in God.

15:29Otherwise, what’s the point of immersing people concerning the dead?10 If the dead are not raised, what is that for?15:30And why are we always taking risks?15:31Brothers and sisters, I swear by your reason to boast— Anointed Jesus our Master— that I’m continually dying!15:32If I fought wild animals in Ephesus for purely human reasons, then what did I gain? If the dead don’t rise, then we might as well just go on eating and drinking, for tomorrow we are to die!15:33Now don’t be fooled; “being intimate with evil corrupts good habits,”1115:34so wake up! Live righteously and don’t fail, because some are ignorant of God— and I say this to your shame.

15:35But someone will ask, “How are the dead raised? What kind of body will they have?”15:36Dimwit! The seed you plant will not live unless it first dies.15:37And the form you plant is not the form that will rise but only a plain kernel of grain or whatever.15:38Yet God has decided to assign a unique form to each seed.15:39They are not all the same: humans have one kind of flesh, livestock another, birds another, and fish still another.15:40There are celestial bodies and terrestrial bodies; the celestial bodies have one characteristic and the terrestrial bodies have another.15:41The sun and moon each have their own qualities, and one star differs from another.

15:42And so it is with the resurrection of the dead. A dead body is buried in mortality but raised in immortality;15:43it is buried in dishonor but raised in honor; it is buried in weakness but raised in power;15:44it is buried as a soulish body but raised as a spiritual body. It follows, then, that if there is a soulish body there must also be a spiritual one,15:45and so it is written: “The first human, Adam, became a living soul.” The Last Adam is a life-giving Spirit.15:46But the soulish must come before the spiritual.15:47The first person was from the earth but the second Person was from heaven.15:48All the earthy are like the earthy one, but all the heavenly are like the Heavenly One.15:49And just as we bore the image of the earthy one, we will also bear the image of the Heavenly One.

15:50What I am trying to tell you, brothers and sisters, is that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, and the mortal cannot inherit the immortal.15:51Look, I’m telling you a secret: We will not all be laid to rest but we will all be transformed!—15:52in an instant, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised immortal and we will be transformed.

15:53This mortal, the dying, must be clothed with immortality.15:54And when this happens then the written word will be fulfilled: “Death was swallowed by conquest!”1215:55“Death, where is your conquest? Death, where is your stinger?”1315:56Death’s stinger is Failure, and Failure’s power is the Law.15:57But thank God, who gives us the conquest by means of our Master Jesus the Anointed!15:58So then, dear sisters and brothers, become settled and immovable. Excel in the work of the Master, and always remember that your labor for the Master is not wasted.

16:1Now concerning the collection of funds for the holy ones, do what I prescribed for those in Galatia:16:2on the First of Sabbaths,14 each of you should set aside an amount according to how you have prospered. That way no collections have to be made when I come.16:3Now when I do come, I will write letters of recommendation for whomever you choose to take your gift to Jerusalem.16:4If I have the opportunity to go, I’ll take them along with me.16:5I plan to come to you on my way through Macedonia.

16:6If by any chance I can stay there with you, maybe even for the winter, then you can send me on to wherever I’m going.16:7My intention is not to just see you now in passing, but with the hope that I can spend some time with you if the Master permits.16:8But I will stay in Ephesus till Pentecost,16:9because a great opportunity has presented itself, and there are many who oppose me.

16:10Now if Timothy comes, see to it that he can come to you without apprehension, for he is doing the work of the Master just as I am.16:11And let no one look down on him. Send him on in peace so he can visit me, because I am waiting for him with the brothers and sisters.16:12Concerning brother Apollos, I have asked him to come to you with the sisters and brothers. He really did not want to come now, but he will when it’s convenient.

16:13Stay sharp! Stand firm in the faith; be brave and strong.16:14Do everything in love.16:15Now I plead with you, brothers and sisters— you who are acquainted with the household of Stephanas, the first in Achaia to believe and who dedicated themselves to serve the holy ones—16:16that you will support them and all who labor together with us.16:17I am very happy that Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus have arrived because they were able to supply whatever you lacked.16:18Recognize these who have soothed my spirit and yours.

16:19The Congregations in [the province of] Asia greet you as fellow servants of the Master, as do Aquila and Prisca, along with the Congregation that meets in their home.16:20All the brothers and sisters greet you; greet each other warmly.16:21I, Paul, write this greeting with my own hand.

16:22A curse upon anyone who has no affection for the Master! Come, Master!16:23May the favor of Master Jesus the Anointed be with you.16:24My love is with all of you in Anointed Jesus.

  1. 1Note that the woman Chloe is listed as a leader just as Paul, Apollos, and Peter (Cephas) are. There is nothing expressed or implied about any “household” (as most translations put it).
  2. 2“with sincere concern” is an accurate rendering of the Greek idiom (lit. “fear and trembling”).
  3. 3“each of them” refers to Apollos and Paul.
  4. 4When Paul says “Now to the married,” he appears to be discussing a particular married couple, since he has already addressed the single and will next address “the rest.”
  5. 5Again, Paul appears to be discussing a particular engaged couple, and then a woman whose husband is apparently near death; if she was Jewish then she’d be concerned about whether to obey the Law that commanded her to marry one of her husband’s brothers.
  6. 6The literal meaning is “head,” but the word is put in quotes to indicate its metaphorical use, which will be followed by its literal use. The quoted passage is presumed from the context to be another question from the Corinthians, because otherwise it contradicts what Paul writes in the following paragraphs.
  7. 7The woman’s authority is her own, per the normal rules of Greek grammar when the possessive pronoun is omitted.
  8. 8The first three items are people, while the remaining items are things. It seems to denote a sequence of events rather than a hierarchy.
  9. 9The quoted portion is from Psalm 8:4
  10. 10“immersing people concerning the dead”: “the dead” is a reference to Jesus’ death.
  11. 11The phrase about evil corrupting good is a verbatim quote from the Greek play Thais by Menander, a comic poet in the centuries before Jesus.
  12. 12Isaiah 25:8
  13. 13Hosea 13:14
  14. 14“First of Sabbaths” refers to the day of the wave offering, which is the first day of the week after Passover and the start of marking off 7 weeks until Pentecost (see verse 8).