To The Romans

1:1Paul, a slave of Anointed Jesus, called as an Ambassador and set apart for the Gospel of God1:2(which he promised before through his prophets in the holy scriptures)1:3concerning his Son (who as far as the flesh is concerned was of the ancestry of David,1:4and is the One powerfully identified as the God-Man, according to the spirit of holiness by the resurrection of the dead), Jesus the Anointed, our Master.1:5Through Him we obtained favor and a commission into compliant faith among all the non-Judeans for the sake of his Name, 1:6along with you who are also called by Jesus the Anointed.

1:7To all who are in Rome, loved by God and called holy ones: Favor and peace to you from God our Father and Master Jesus the Anointed!

1:8First, I thank my God through Jesus the Anointed concerning all of you, because your faith is being announced all over the world.1:9God, to whom I offer divine spiritual service for the Gospel of his Son, is my witness of how I never stop mentioning you1:10in all my prayers, pleading that somehow, sometime, in some way, the will of God would permit me to come visit you.1:11I very much want to see you so I can share some spiritual gift with you, to anchor you.1:12In this way you can all be a comfort to each other through your faith and mine.

1:13Now I don’t want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters, of the fact that I wanted to visit you many times but was prevented until now, so that I would have some of the same results among you as among the non-Judeans.1:14I am indebted to both Greeks and barbarians, the wise and the foolish;1:15that is why I was eager to bring the Gospel to those of you in Rome as well.1:16I am not ashamed of this Gospel, because it is the power of God for salvation to all who believe— first to the Judean and then to the Greek.1:17This Gospel is revealing God’s justice, beginning and ending in faith. As it is written, “The just will live by faith.”

1:18God’s rage is being revealed from heaven against every kind of irreverence and injustice committed by people who unjustly suppress the truth.1:19And it’s because what can be known about God is obvious among them, since God has shown it to them.1:20For his invisible qualities can be seen by means of the creation of the world; we catch a glimpse of them— as well as his unknowable power and divinity— by his achievements, so that people are without excuse.1:21They know God but give him no honor and show him no gratitude.

So their thinking became futile and their stupid minds were darkened.1:22Claiming to be wise they were made fools instead,1:23and they traded the honor of the incorruptible God for things made in the images of people, flying creatures, four-legged creatures, and reptiles.1:24For that reason God handed them over to the desires of their hearts, into the filth of polluting their bodies among themselves.1:25They turned the truth about God into a lie and worshiped the creation instead of the Creator— who is blessed forever, absolutely!

1:26So God handed them over to their disgusting passions: women traded natural intimate relations for unnatural,1:27and men abandoned natural intimate relations with women to be inflamed with lust for other men, spawning indecency. They were then directly paid back as they deserved for their perversion.1:28Since they did not see a reason to give God recognition, God saw a reason to hand them over to an unreasoning mind so that they would do inappropriate things.1:29They have been filled with all kinds of injustice, evil, greed, and malice; they are saturated with envy, murder, rivalry, treachery, and depravity; they gossip1:30and trash talk; they hate God; they are arrogant, contemptuous impostors; they invent new forms of evil; they set themselves against their parents;1:31they are stupid and honor no agreements; they are devoid of natural feelings and have no mercy.1:32Since they know what is right, those who make a habit of such things are deserving of God’s death sentence. Yet they not only do these things, they also approve of everyone else who makes a habit of them.

2:1But you— what is your defense? For in judging others you condemn yourself, because you practice the same things!2:2Now we know that the judgment of God is right against those who do such things,2:3but do you actually think that even though you do the same things, that somehow you will escape God’s justice?2:4Ridiculous! You think nothing of his abundant kindness and restraint and patience; do you not understand that God’s kindness is supposed to lead to a change of your mind?

2:5So in keeping with your hard heart and unchanged mind, you are storing up God’s rage for yourself toward the day God hands down his judgment.2:6He will repay everyone for what they did:2:7eternal life to those who persist in doing good and look for honor, value, and immortality,2:8but anger and rage to the unjust who are rebellious and hostile to the truth and welcome injustice.2:9There will be oppression and constriction for everyone who practices evil, first to the Judean and then to the Greek;2:10yet there will be honor and value and peace to everyone who does good things, first to the Judean and then to the Greek.2:11God will show no favoritism in this!

2:12Whoever erred without law will die without law, and whoever erred under law will be judged by law.2:13For it isn’t those who only hear law that are justified before God, but those who also act accordingly.2:14So whenever the non-Judeans who have no law naturally do what law requires, they are acting under their own law.2:15They show by their actions that there is a law written on their hearts; their reasoning and conscience work together to either acquit or condemn them,2:16on the Day when God will judge what is hidden in people according to my Gospel through Jesus the Anointed.

2:17Now if you who call yourself a Judean rely on law and brag about belonging to God2:18and knowing his will, then you have been trained to test whether something is according to law.2:19You think of yourself as a guide for the blind and a light in the darkness,2:20a correcter of the reckless and a teacher of babies; you think you have a lock on the knowledge of truth through the law.2:21But if that’s the case, teacher, then teach yourself! You tell others not to steal but do it yourself;2:22you speak out against adultery but commit it yourself; you detest idols but violate the sanctuary;2:23you brag about the law but you cross the line and dishonor God!2:24It is because of you that “the name of God is being slandered among the non-Judeans,” just as it is written.

2:25Now don’t get me wrong; circumcision is of value— as long as you keep practicing the law and never break it, because then your circumcision would be nullified.2:26So if the uncircumcised do what the law requires, shouldn’t they be considered circumcised?2:27Not only that, these uncircumcised who naturally do what the law requires will be your judges, since you broke the law even though you knew it and were circumcised!2:28In fact, it isn’t the external that makes one a Judean; it isn’t what’s apparent in the flesh via circumcision.2:29A true Judean is one on the inside, who is circumcised in spirit and not the letter of law; their praise will not come from people but from God.

3:1So what is the advantage in being a Judean, or what is the benefit of circumcision?3:2Much in every way! Above all, they were entrusted with the oracles of God.3:3But what if some didn’t believe; wouldn’t that nullify the faithfulness of God?3:4Absolutely not! God is always true, so everyone who opposes is a liar; as it has been written, “So that you were justified in your words and will be awarded the verdict when you go to court.”3:5But if our injustice makes God’s justice look even better, can’t we say that it is wrong for God to release his rage on us? (I’m using a human argument.)3:6Absolutely not! How else would God judge the world?3:7Yet if my falsehood made the truth of God even clearer, why am I still being judged as a failure?3:8And why not say (as some falsely accuse us of saying) that we should do evil so that good will come of it? They will get the judgment they deserve!

3:9So then, does this mean we are exempt? Of course not, because we have already shown that both Judeans and Greeks are all failures,3:10just as it is written:

“No one is righteous, not even one.3:11Not one understands, not one seeks out God.3:12They all turned away from him and became useless; no one shows kindness; not even one!

3:13“Their throats are open graves; with their tongues they deceive. The venom of asps is behind their lips;3:14Their mouths are crammed full of curses and bitterness;

3:15“Their feet are quick to shed blood;3:16bone-crushing labor is in their paths,3:17and they do not know the way of peace.

3:18“There is no respect for God in their eyes.”

3:19Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under it, so that every mouth will be silenced and the entire world will stand trial before God.3:20After all, no one will be justified in his sight by keeping the law, since its purpose is to expose failures.3:21Instead, a justice outside of law has appeared, to which the Law and the Prophets attest.3:22This justice from God comes through faith in Jesus the Anointed and is for all believers, with no exceptions.3:23For all failed and lack God’s honor,3:24and all are justified by his generous gift, being ransomed by Anointed Jesus.3:25God presented him as a sacrifice to remove our failures by means of faith in his spilled blood. This demonstrated his justice, because he had written off the penalty for failures committed beforehand.3:26This happened in order to demonstrate his justice at the right time, the current age, showing him to be fair and making things right with those who put their trust in Jesus.

3:27So then, what basis is there for bragging? It was thrown out of court! And by what law, of good deeds? No! It was excluded by the law of faith.3:28For we argue that a person is justified by faith apart from legal performance.3:29It is ridiculous to think God is only the God of the Judeans! Is he not also the God of the non-Judeans? Yes, also of the non-Judeans!3:30There is but one God, and he will justify both the circumcised and the uncircumcised by faith.3:31Then do we nullify law by means of faith? Absolutely not! Rather, we uphold law.

4:1Now what can we say that Abraham, our biological founder, discovered?4:2If he was justified by his actions he had something to brag about— but not before God.4:3For what does the Writing say? “Abraham believed God, and for that reason he was cleared of all charges.”4:4Now a worker’s wages are not considered a gift but a debt.4:5In contrast, the one who does not work but instead trusts in the One who justifies the ungodly, is cleared of all charges because of faith.4:6Even David says this about the happiness of the person whose charges have been cleared by God apart from actions:4:7“Happy are they whose lawlessness was pardoned, and whose failures were covered over.4:8Happy is the one the Master does not charge with failure.”

4:9Is this happiness only for the circumcision or also for the uncircumcision? We say that innocence was assigned to Abraham because of his faith.4:10Did circumcision have anything to do with it? No.4:11And he received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the faith that justified him before he was circumcised. So he is considered the ancestor of all who believe without circumcision.4:12Yet he is also the ancestor of the circumcised— and not just of those with physical circumcision but also of those who continue to live out the same quality of faith as Abraham.

4:13Now the promise to Abraham (or to his Descendant)— that he would inherit the world— did not come by legalistic means, but by his being declared innocent due to his faith.4:14For if those under law can enjoy the inheritance, then faith has been emptied and the promise has been nullified.4:15After all, law brings a guilty verdict, but where there is no law there can be no way to break it.

4:16Therefore, the promise is from faith, making it a matter of favor. In that way the promise was guaranteed as valid to all the descendants— not just to those under the law but also to those with the faith of Abraham. And he is the ancestor of all of us,4:17as the Writings say: “I have appointed you the ancestor of many nations.” He believed this because it came from the God who makes the dead live again and calls into existence that which does not exist.4:18He who was long past hope confidently expected that he would become the ancestor of many nations, just as the promise was stated: “This is how your descendants will be.”4:19And his faith was not weak, even though he realized that his body, which was about a hundred years old, was as good as dead, as also was Sarah’s womb.4:20Yet Abraham’s faith in God never wavered; instead it was given new life, for which he exalted God.4:21He was fully assured that God was able to do what was promised.4:22That is the reason he was cleared of all charges.

4:23Now these words were not only written for his benefit4:24but also for ours. We who put our trust in the One who raised Jesus our Master from the dead will also have all charges against us dropped.4:25He was handed over because of our blunders and raised to justify us.5:1And seeing that we are justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Master Jesus the Anointed,5:2through whom we also have access by faith into this favor in which we stand. We can take pride in our confident expectation of God’s favor—5:3and in our oppressions, which we know result in endurance;5:4and endurance makes us pass the test, which leads to hope.5:5And this hope does not fade, because of the love God has poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit he gave us.

5:6While we were still weak, the Anointed died at just the right time for the sake of the ungodly.5:7It rarely happens that someone will die for a public benefactor, let alone an ordinary innocent person.5:8So God displays his love for us by virtue of the fact that the Anointed died for our sakes while we were still failures.5:9And how much more, now that his blood has cleared us of all charges, will we be saved from God’s rage through him!5:10After all, if we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son while we were still his enemies, how much more will we now be saved through his life!5:11And on top of that, we can also be proud of belonging to God by means of our Master Jesus the Anointed, the One who accomplished that reconciliation.

5:12Failure entered into the world by means of one person, and death by means of failure, and so death passed on to all people, seeing that all failed.5:13Failure was in the world before there was law, yet failure is not taken into account where there is no law.5:14Even so, death was in charge from Adam to Moses, even over those who did not cross the line as did Adam— who is a type of the One to come.5:15But the gift of God is nothing like the blunder! For if death came to many because of one blunder, how much better is the favor of God to many, granted from the one person: Jesus the Anointed!

5:16Again, the gift is nothing like the failure. In the first case, the verdict pronounced on the one led to condemnation, while in the second, favor came after many blunders and resulted in acquittal.5:17For if death reigned because of one blunder, how much better will be the reign of life through the One— Jesus the Anointed— for those who take hold of God’s overflowing favor and the gift of innocence!5:18Then it follows that just as one blunder brought condemnation to all people, so also one act of justice brought acquittal and life to all people.5:19Through the disobedience of the one person many were brought into a state of failure; likewise, through the obedience of the One, many were brought into a state of innocence.

5:20But when law was introduced, blunders increased; yet when failure increased, favor abounded even more.5:21So just as Failure1 was put in charge because of death, so also Favor is put in charge through justice because of eternal life, by means of Jesus the Anointed our Master.6:1What should we conclude from that? That we should persist in failing so that favor will keep increasing?6:2Absolutely not! How can we who died to failure still live in it? Ridiculous!

6:3You don’t seem to understand that those who are immersed into Anointed Jesus are immersed into his death.6:4And just as we were buried together with him through immersion into his death, so also, just as the Anointed was raised from the dead through the favor of the Father, we will keep pace with him in a new life.6:5For if we have become united with his kind of death, then we have also become united with his kind of resurrection.6:6We know that our old self was crucified along with him, so that the body of Failure would be neutralized, and we would not continue to slave for Failure.6:7The dead have been released from Failure.

6:8So if we died along with the Anointed, we believe that we will also live together with him.6:9After all, since the Anointed was raised from the dead then Death no longer has control of him.6:10The death he died was to Failure, once and for all, but the life he lives, he lives to God.6:11In the same way, you too should consider yourselves truly dead to Failure, yet alive to God with Anointed Jesus.

6:12So then, do not let Failure rule over your mortal body, making you obey its desires.6:13And do not present parts of your body as weapons of injustice in the service of Failure, but instead present yourselves to God as those who have been raised from the dead, and your body parts to God as weapons of justice.6:14For Failure will not have mastery over you, because you are not under Law but under Favor.

6:15So should we therefore keep failing since we are not under Law but under Favor? Absolutely not!6:16Don’t you realize that you are the slaves of the one to whom you offer your obedience— whether it’s to Failure and then death, or to Compliance and then justice?6:17Now praise God that although you were slaves of Failure, now you listened from the heart to the teaching to which you were handed over.6:18Now that you are free from Failure, you are enslaved to Justice.

6:19I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your body parts as slaves to Impurity and Lawlessness (which of course led to lawless acts), so now present your body parts as slaves to Justice, resulting in holiness.6:20When you were slaves to Failure you were free from Justice.6:21But what did you gain by it? Only that of which you are now ashamed, whose end result was death.6:22In contrast, now you have been freed from Failure and enslaved to God. And what you gained from that is holiness, whose end result is eternal life.6:23For Failure pays you the wages of death, but God graciously gives you eternal life through Anointed Jesus our Master.

7:1Sisters and brothers, how can you not know— for I am talking to those who know law— that the law only has jurisdiction over a person while they are alive?7:2For example, a married woman is legally bound to her husband while he is alive. But if he dies, she is exempt from the law concerning her husband.7:3Now if she were with another man while her husband lived, she would be guilty of adultery. But if her husband died she would not be guilty of adultery, even if she were with another man.

7:4So then, my brothers and sisters, you too were put to death in the eyes of the law by means of the body of the Anointed, in order to belong to Another— the One who was raised from the dead— so that we should always be productive for God.7:5For when we were governed by the flesh, the passions caused by the law were active in our body parts, producing death.7:6Yet we were discharged from the law, dying to that which held us down, so that now we are able to slave in the new way of the spirit and not the old way of the letter.

7:7What will we do then, declare that the law is Failure? Absolutely not! But I would not have known what Failure is without law. For example, I wouldn’t have been conscious of wanting what belongs to others without the law stating, “You must not want what belongs to others.”7:8Now Failure, seizing the opportunity through the commandment, produced in me a desire for other people’s belongings, because apart from law, Failure is dead.7:9I once lived apart from law, but with the arrival of the commandment, Failure came to life and I died.

7:10So the commandment that was intended to bring life brought only death.7:11Failure seized the opportunity through the commandment to completely seduce me and thereby kill me.7:12So in fact the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, just, and good.7:13So then, did that which is good become the death of me? Absolutely not! Instead, Failure, in order to be exposed as such, was producing death in me by that which is good so it could be exposed through the commandment as utter failure.7:14For though we know the law is spiritual, yet I am fleshly, having been disposed of under Failure.

7:15I don’t know what I’m accomplishing, because I don’t do what I intend, and instead do what I hate.7:16Now if I do what I don’t want to do, I concede that the law is respectable.7:17But then I know it isn’t really I who am doing this, but Failure who is taking up residence in me.7:18I am aware that nothing good makes its home in me (that is, in my flesh), for my will lies in wait for me, to accomplish that which is not respectable.7:19I don’t do the good I want to do, but instead, I put into practice the evil I don’t want to do.7:20Now if I do what I don’t want to do, it is no longer I who am practicing it, but Failure which makes its home in me.

7:21Consequently I discover this principle: whenever I intend to do good, evil is lying in ambush.7:22I delight in the law of God in my inner person,7:23but in my body parts I observe a different law that makes war with the law of my mind and leads me into captivity to the law of Failure that lives in my body parts.7:24Oh, what a miserable person I am! Who will rescue me from this body condemned to die?7:25Give thanks to God through Jesus the Anointed, our Master! In conclusion, I myself, in my mind, slave for the law of God, but in the flesh I slave for the law of Failure.

8:1But now there is nothing to condemn those who belong to Anointed Jesus,8:2because the Spirit’s law of life from Anointed Jesus freed you from the law of Failure and Death.8:3For what the law found to be impossible, since it was weak on account of the flesh, God accomplished by sending his own Son in the resemblance of failing flesh. Thus he was a Failure Offering that condemned Failure in the flesh.8:4That satisfied the law for us, who keep living according to the spirit instead of the flesh.8:5For those that are in accord with flesh are inclined to do what it wants, but those who are in accord with spirit do what is spiritual.8:6For the perspective of the flesh is death, but the perspective of the spirit is life and peace.8:7That’s because the perspective of the flesh is hostile to God since it is not under God’s law, and in fact is incapable of being under it.

8:8Now those who are of the flesh are not able to please God.8:9You, on the other hand, are not of the flesh but of spirit— if the Spirit of God has taken up residence in you. Anyone who does not have the Anointed does not belong to him.8:10But if you have the Anointed, the body is a rotting corpse because of failure, yet the spirit is alive because of justice.8:11Now if the Spirit that raised Jesus from the dead has taken up residence in you, this same One will also raise up your mortal bodies by means of his Spirit residing in you.

8:12Consequently then, sisters and brothers, we are obligated— but not to live in accord with the flesh,8:13for when you do that you are in the process of dying. Yet if you live in accord with the spirit, you put the practices of the body to death, and so you will live.

8:14All those who are led by the Spirit of God are his children.8:15You did not get the spirit of slavery to fear again, but instead you got the spirit of adoption, in which we cry out “Daddy, Father!”8:16And the Spirit confirms the testimony of our own spirit that we are the children of God.8:17And being children, that makes us heirs— heirs of an inheritance from God, and joint heirs with the Anointed, since if we suffer together with him, we will also be exalted together with him.

8:18In my estimation, what we experience at this time is unworthy of comparison to the honor to be revealed in us.8:19For the created world waits in intense anticipation for the children of God to be revealed,8:20because it was unwillingly subjected to futility, in the hope8:21that it will be liberated from slavery to mortality into the honorable freedom of the children of God.8:22For we have observed that all of creation has been groaning in labor pains up to the present time.8:23And not only that, but all of us who are the first to be produced by the Spirit, groan in eager expectation of our legal adoption, which means the release of our body.8:24For it is Hope we were saved for, yet hope realized is no longer hope if what we hoped for is right in front of us.8:25But if we don’t yet see what we’re expecting, we eagerly wait for it.

8:26In the same way, the Spirit also helps us in our weakness. We don’t know how to pray to meet needs we aren’t aware of, but the Spirit pleads on our behalf with unspeakable emotion.8:27The One who searches hearts knows the perspective of the Spirit, since the Spirit pleads with God on behalf of the holy ones.8:28And we know that for those who love God, everything works together for their good, to those called according to his purposes.8:29He prearranged it that those he knew about in advance would be conformed to the image of his Son, so that he would be the firstborn among many siblings.8:30Now those he prearranged he also called; those he called he also justified; those he justified he also exalted.

8:31So then, what can we say about all these things? If God is on our side, who is against us?8:32Surely he who did not spare his own Son but handed him over for all our sakes— will he not graciously give us everything else as well?8:33Who can bring a charge against the chosen ones of God? God is the one who acquits us,8:34so who is the one who condemns? The One who died and yet rose again, Jesus the Anointed, stands at God’s right as our advocate!

8:35What can ever separate us from the love of the Anointed— oppression, or constriction, or persecution, or famine, or deprivation, or danger, or sword?8:36Just as it is written, “On account of you we face death all day long; we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered.”8:37No! We are absolute conquerors through the One who loves us.8:38For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither Messengers nor rulers, neither what is nor what approaches, neither powers8:39nor height nor depth nor anything else in creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God and of Anointed Jesus our Master.

9:1I tell you in all honesty before the Anointed— and my conscience testifies together with me in the Holy Spirit—9:2that I have great sorrow and relentless pain in my heart.9:3For I would be willing to be cursed and separated from the Anointed for the sake of my brothers and sisters, my natural relatives.9:4They are the people of Israel; they possess the adoption, and the honor, and the contracts, and the law, and the divine service, and the promises.9:5They have the ancestors, and above all, as far as the flesh is concerned they are the ones through whom the Anointed came— bless God forever, absolutely!

9:6Now it isn’t as though the Word of God has failed, because not all those who descended from Israel are Israel.29:7All the descendants of Abraham are his children, but “Your descendants will be called through Isaac.”9:8That is, it’s not the natural children who are children of God; rather, it’s the children of the promise who are considered descendants.9:9This is how the promise is worded: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”

9:10In addition, Rebecca’s children all had the same father, our ancestor Isaac.9:11But before they were born— before they could have done anything good or bad—9:12the purpose of God remained; the choice was9:13not due to actions but to the One who does the calling. And it was declared to her that “The older will slave for the younger.”9:14What can we say then, that God is unjust? Absolutely not!9:15For as he told Moses, “I will show mercy to whom I choose, and I will show pity to whom I choose.”9:16So then it does not depend on a person’s will or efforts but on God, the one who shows mercy.9:17As the Writing says to Pharaoh, “I raised you up for this very thing, so that I would display my power in you, and so that my Name will be known around the world.”9:18Consequently, God can choose to either be compassionate or to harden.

9:19But you will protest to me, “Then why does he still blame people, since no one can thwart his intentions?”9:20Puny human! Who are you, after all, to talk back to God? Will the thing that’s been formed say to the one who formed it, “Why did you make me like this?”9:21Ridiculous! Doesn’t the potter have the right to take the same lump of clay and make both a container for honorable things and a container for trash?

9:22Suppose God wanted to display his rage and make his power known. By patiently carrying the “trash bins” that are designed for destruction,9:23he also demonstrated the riches of his majesty on the containers of his compassion that were prepared for honor—9:24us, whom he called not only out of the Judeans but also out of the non-Judeans.9:25In Hosea he says, “I will call those who were not my people, My People, and she who was unloved, My Dear,”9:26and, “It will happen in the place where it was declared to them ‘You are not my people’; there they will be called children of the living God.”

9:27Now Isaiah cries over Israel, “Though the people of Israel are as uncountable as the grains of sand, only a small number will be saved.9:28For the Master’s word will bring the earth to a definite end.”9:29And according to what Isaiah declared earlier, “If the Master of Armies hadn’t preserved a small number of us, we would have become Sodom; we would have been compared to Gomorrah.”

9:30So what are we saying? That the non-Judeans, who were not seeking justice, obtained it by means of faith.9:31Yet Israel, who sought a just law, did not obtain it.9:32Why? Because they pursued it out of works and not faith; they stumbled over the Stumbling Stone,9:33just as it is written: “Look, I am laying down a stumbling stone in Zion, and a Rock that trips people, but the one who puts their trust in him will not be embarrassed.”

10:1Sisters and brothers, my heartfelt desire and request to God on their behalf is for their salvation.10:2I can vouch for their enthusiasm for God, but they don’t understand what they are so enthusiastic about.10:3They are ignorant of the justice of God and try to establish their own; thus they were not justified by God.10:4For the Anointed is the fulfillment of law, such that everyone who believes is cleared of all charges.

10:5In writing about the justice of the law, Moses said, “The person who does all of this will live by it.”10:6Yet the justice of faith says this: “Don’t ask yourself, ‘Who will go up into heaven?’ (that is, to lead the Anointed down),10:7or ‘Who will go down into the Abyss?’ (that is, to lead the Anointed up from the dead).”10:8But what does it say? “The declaration is near you, in your mouth and in your mind” (that is, the declaration of the faith we are proclaiming):10:9If you openly state that Jesus is Master and believe that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.10:10For it is with the mind that you believe and are cleared of all charges, and with the mouth you speak out and are saved.10:11As the Writing says, “No one who puts their trust in him will be embarrassed.”10:12For there is no distinction between Judean and Greek, because the same One is Master of all and is generous to all who call to him for help—10:13“Everyone who calls on the name of the Master for help will be saved.”

10:14But how can they ask for help from someone they have not put their trust in? And how can they trust someone they haven’t heard of? And how will they hear if no one tells them?10:15Yet how will anyone tell them if they are not sent out? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!”10:16But not all heed this good news; as Isaiah says, “Master, who believed what we told them?”10:17So it follows that faith comes from being told, and being told comes from the declaration of the Anointed.

10:18But am I saying that Israel didn’t hear? Of course they did: “Their speech went out into all the earth, their declarations to the farthest reaches of civilization.”10:19So am I saying Israel didn’t know? First of all, Moses says “I will provoke you to jealousy over those who are not a nation; I will annoy you over a clueless nation.”10:20Yet Isaiah boldly stated, “I was found by those who weren’t even looking for me; I was revealed to those who weren’t even asking about me.”10:21To Israel he says, “All day long I stretched out my hands toward people who are hostile to faith and argue with me.”

11:1Then am I saying that God rejected his people? Absolutely not! I too am an Israeli, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.11:2God did not reject his people, whom he foreknew; ridiculous! Have you not grasped what Elijah says in the Writing as he pleads with God against Israel?11:3“Master, they killed your prophets, they tore down your altars; I am the only one left, and now they are after me too!”11:4But what was he told? “I have reserved for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”11:5And so it is in the current age; there has come to be a small number remaining who were chosen by God’s favor.11:6Now if it is by favor then it couldn’t be by actions; conversely, if it is by actions then it couldn’t be by favor.

11:7Here’s the situation: Israel is searching for that which she has not encountered, except for the chosen ones. Now the rest were calloused,11:8just as it is written: “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that can’t see and ears that can’t hear, right up to the present time.”11:9And David says, “Let their dinner table become a trap for prey, a snare into their just deserts.11:10Darken their eyes so they cannot see; let all their backs be bent over continually.”11:11Then am I saying that they’ve fallen and can’t get up? Absolutely not! But their blunders meant salvation to the non-Judeans, for the purpose of provoking Israel to jealousy.11:12Now if their blunder becomes the world’s enrichment and their loss is the non-Judeans’ gain, then what will result if all of them are saved?

11:13Now here is what I am saying to the non-Judeans, since in fact I am the Ambassador to them, and I hereby proudly dispense my commission:11:14I try to provoke my people to jealousy and so save some of them.11:15For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will be the result of their salvation, if not being brought back to life from the dead?

11:16If the first offering of dough is holy then so is the whole loaf; and if the root is holy, then so are the branches.11:17Now if some of the branches were broken off so that you, a wild olive shoot, could be grafted in to join with the root and share in its nourishment,11:18do not gloat over the branches! If you do, remember that the root sustains you, not that you sustain the root.11:19But you will object, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.”11:20Granted; but they were broken off due to unbelief, and you were grafted in for belief. So instead of gloating, be afraid!11:21For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.

11:22Now look at the kindness— and harshness— of God: harshness to those who fell but kindness to you. Persist in kindness or you too will be cut out.11:23Now on the other hand, they will be grafted back in if they don’t persist in unbelief, and God is certainly able to do that.11:24For if you were cut out of a wild olive tree and, against nature, were grafted into the cultivated olive tree, don’t you think that it is even better to re-graft the natural branches back in again?

11:25I don’t want you to be ignorant of this secret, sisters and brothers, so that you won’t be congratulating yourselves: Partial callousness has come upon Israel until the full number of the non-Judeans has come in.11:26And finally all Israel will be saved, just as it is written: “The Rescuer will arrive out of Zion; he will turn ungodliness away from Jacob.11:27And this is my contract with them when I will take away their failures.”11:28Now in regards to the Gospel they are in fact your enemies, yet at the same time they are the chosen people, loved because of their ancestors;11:29the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable.11:30For just as even you were once hostile toward faith in God yet were shown mercy by means of the hostility of Israel,11:31so also they are hostile to this mercy of yours so that now they can be shown mercy.11:32God wraps it all up in hostility toward faith so he can be merciful to all.3

11:33Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unfathomable are his judgments, and how untraceable are his ways!11:34Who knew the mind of the Master, or who became his counselor?11:35Or who gave to him, that he owes repayment?11:36Out of him, and through him, and into him belongs all the honor into the ages, absolutely!

12:1So I am encouraging you, brothers and sisters, through the compassion of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and very pleasing to God— which is your logical divine service.12:2And do not be conformed to this age but be transformed by renewing your minds, for the purpose of testing what the will of God is, which is good, very pleasing, and perfect.

12:3Now I say this through the favor shown to me, to everyone among you: do not have an inflated opinion of yourselves, but be realistic and wise, in accord with the measure of faith God has apportioned to each of you.12:4For just as one body has many parts yet the parts do not all have the same function,12:5so also the many of us form one Body of the Anointed and each part belongs to all the others.12:6Now each one should excel at whatever gift they were given:

  • if Prophecy, then exercise this gift in proportion with the faith;
  • 12:7if Service, then serve well;
  • if Teaching, then teach well;
  • 12:8if Encouraging, then be very encouraging;
  • if Generosity, then be very generous;
  • if an Official Benefactor, do it diligently;
  • if Mercy, give it cheerfully.

12:9Let love be simple, fair, and true; hate evil and cling to good.12:10Let us have fondness for each other as spiritual siblings, honoring others above yourselves.12:11Be diligent instead of lazy, since you are slaving for the Master.12:12Celebrate in hope, endure oppression, be persistent in prayer,12:13join in with the needs of the holy ones, pursue hospitality.12:14Bless those who are persecuting you— bless, not curse!12:15Celebrate with those who celebrate and cry with those who cry.12:16Let all of you have the same attitude. Do not think yourself too good for others, but instead associate with people of low status— do not become self-important.

12:17Do not pay back evil for evil; instead, do what is right in the sight of all people.12:18As far as it depends on you, be at peace with everyone.12:19Do not take vengeance, dear ones, but leave room for God’s rage. As it is written: “ ‘It is mine to avenge, I will repay!’ says the Master.”12:20But if your opponent is hungry give them food; if they are thirsty give them something to drink; for in doing this you will be showing them kindness.12:21Do not be conquered by evil, but instead conquer evil with good.

13:1Let everyone be supportive of the higher authorities, because there is no authority that isn’t under God; those that exist have been arranged by God.13:2That means anyone who plots and schemes against these authorities is violating God’s mandate, and those who do this will be judged.13:3The rulers do not terrorize those who do good but only those who do evil. So if you don’t want to live in fear of them, do good and you will have their approval.13:4The authorities are God’s servants for your good, but if you do evil, fear them! They carry weapons for good reasons; as God’s servants they carry out his anger to avenge God against those who do evil.13:5So it is necessary to be supportive, not only to avoid the anger of God but also as a matter of conscience.

13:6That is also the reason you pay them taxes; they are God’s relentless public servants.13:7So give whatever is due: if it’s taxes then pay them; if it’s tribute then give it; if it’s fear then fear; if honor then honor.13:8The only debt you should carry is to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled law.13:9For all of this— “You must not commit adultery; you must not murder; you must not steal; you must not commit perjury; you must not desire what belongs to others”— and any other precept you can think of, can be summed up as, “Love your neighbor as you love yourself.”13:10Love does no harm to its neighbor; therefore love fulfills the law.

13:11And do all of this while being aware of the time we live in. It is already time for you to be awakened from sleep, because our rescue is nearer now than when we first believed.13:12The night has passed and the day is dawning! So then, let us be rid of acts of darkness and put on the weapons of light.13:13Keep pace with the light— not in wild parties and drunkenness, or illicit sex and vice, or rivalry and jealousy—13:14but instead clothe yourselves with Master Jesus the Anointed. Make no plans to indulge the desires and wishes of the flesh.

14:1Accept the one whose faith is fragile, but don’t think poorly of them.14:2You may know you are allowed to eat all things, but the fragile one may believe we should only eat vegetables.14:3The one who eats must not look down on the one who does not; conversely, the one who does not eat must not look down on the one who does, for God has accepted them.14:4After all, who are you to judge someone else’s household servant? To their own master they stand or fall; and stand they will, for the Master is able to make them stand.14:5One person prefers one day over another, while another treats every day alike; let each one follow their personal conviction.14:6The one who observes special days wants to please the Master; the one who eats all things also wants to please the Master, for they are grateful to God. Likewise, the one who eats only vegetables is trying to please the Master and is grateful to God.

14:7None of us lives or dies in isolation.14:8If we live, we live for the Master; if we die, we die for the Master. Either way we belong to him.14:9Because the Anointed died and lives, he is Master of both the dead and the living.14:10So why do you judge your brother or sister? Why do you look down on them? All of us will someday stand before the judgment seat of God,14:11for it is written: “ ‘As I live,’ says the Master, ‘Every knee will bow to me, and every tongue will acknowledge God!’ ”14:12Since each one of us will give an account of ourselves to God,14:13in no way should we be judging each other’s personal convictions. Be resolved not to put any stumbling block or trap in front of a sister or brother.

14:14I know and am convinced in Master Jesus that nothing is inherently forbidden for us to eat. But to the one who thinks it is, then for that person it really is.14:15So if, by your eating, your brother or sister is grieved, you are no longer keeping in step with love. Do not use what you eat to destroy that one for whom the Anointed died!14:16In this way, what is a good thing for you will not be maligned.14:17After all, the kingdom of God is not about eating and drinking, but about justice, peace, and happiness in the Holy Spirit.14:18So the one who slaves for the Anointed will then be pleasing to God and approved by people.

14:19Consequently, then, we pursue that which brings peace and builds others up.14:20Do not demolish the work of God on account of food! All of it is “clean” but it becomes evil to the one who, seeing the freedom of others, violates their own conscience and eats it.14:21It would be much better to never eat meat, or drink wine, or do anything else that might weaken or trip up your brother or sister.14:22Whatever your personal conviction is, keep it between yourself and God. Happy is the one who does not violate their conscience.14:23But if anyone has doubts about what they are eating, they are condemned, because whatever is not out of faith is failure.

15:1We who are able should bear with the weaknesses of the unable and not only please ourselves.15:2Each one should please others for their benefit and for building them up.15:3For even the Anointed didn’t please himself, but in accordance with what is written, “The insults of those who insulted you fell on me.”15:4Whatever was written before was for our instruction, so that through the endurance and comfort of the Writings we would have hope.15:5And now may the God of endurance and comfort grant you the same attitude toward each other as that of Anointed Jesus,15:6so that, with one mind and voice, you may honor the God and Father of our Master Jesus the Anointed.15:7So accept each other as the Anointed accepted you, to the honor of God.

15:8I am saying that the Anointed became an attendant to the people of Israel4, for the sake of the truth of God, in order to confirm the promises to the ancestors.15:9Yet the non-Judeans are to honor God for his mercy, as it is written: “Because of this I will acclaim you among the non-Judeans and play music to your Name.”15:10And again he says, “Celebrate, you non-Judeans, with his people!”15:11Yet again, “Praise the Master, all the non-Judeans,” and “Let all the peoples greatly praise him!”15:12And again, Isaiah says, “There will be the Root of Jesse, the One who rises to be the ruler of the non-Judeans; the non-Judeans will rely on him.”

15:13Now may the God of hope fill you all with joy and peace in the faith, so you will overflow in the hope of the power of the Holy Spirit.15:14I myself have been convinced, sisters and brothers, that you too are saturated with goodness, having been filled with all knowledge, able to caution each other.15:15Yet I still boldly write to you in part to remind you, because of the favor given to me under God,15:16that I should be a priest of Anointed Jesus to the non-Judeans. I act as a priest of the Gospel of God, so that the offering is well-accepted by the non-Judeans and made holy by the Holy Spirit.

15:17So, because of Anointed Jesus, I have a reason to brag about what I do for God.15:18For I do not dare to speak about anything except that which the Anointed did through me, leading to the obedience of the non-Judeans, whether in word and actions,15:19in the power of signs and miracles, or in the power of God’s Spirit. As a result, from Jerusalem and around into Illyricum, I have finished bringing the Gospel of the Anointed.15:20For that reason I am ambitious to bring the Gospel where the Name of the Anointed has not yet been known, so that I don’t build upon someone else’s foundation.15:21Instead, as it is written, “Those who were not told about him will see, and those who have not heard about him will understand.”

15:22This is the reason I have often been prevented from coming to visit you.15:23But now, since there is no more remaining for me to do in these regions, and since I have for many years ached to see you,15:24I hope to see you on my way to Spain. Then you can send me on my way from there, after I have been with you for a while.15:25But first I am going to Jerusalem to attend to the holy ones.15:26For those in Macedonia and Achaia were happy to make a contribution for the poor among the holy ones in Jerusalem.15:27They were happy to do this because they are indebted to them; because if the non-Judeans became partners with them in spiritual things, then they should also provide priestly service to them in physical things.15:28So when I have completed this and delivered these proceeds to them, I will visit you on my way to Spain.15:29And I know that when I come to you I will come with the full blessing of the Anointed.

15:30Now I plead with you, brothers and sisters, through our Master Jesus the Anointed and the love of the Spirit, to fight together with me in prayers for my sake to God,15:31so that I will be rescued from those in Judea who oppose the faith, and that my service to the holy ones in Jerusalem will be well-received.15:32Then I can come to you in joy, God willing, and will rest together with you.15:33Now may the God of Peace be with all of you, absolutely!

16:1Now I am commending to you our sister Phoebe, attendant of the Congregation in Cenchrea.16:2Accept her as from the Master, in a manner worthy of the holy ones, and stand by her in whatever matter she may need. For she became a presiding officer over many, including me!

16:3Greet Prisca and Aquila, my co-workers in Anointed Jesus.16:4They risked their own necks for my life; not only I but also all the Congregations among the non-Judeans thank them.16:5Greet Epanetus, who is so dear to me, and who was the first convert to the Anointed in the province of Asia.16:6Greet Mary, who works hard for you.16:7Greet Andronicus and Junia, my relatives and co-captives, who are noteworthy among the Ambassadors, and who were united with the Anointed before me.

16:8Greet Ampliatos, dear to me concerning the Master.16:9Greet Urbanus, our co-worker united with the Anointed, and my dear friend Stachys.16:10Greet Apelles, approved by the Anointed. Greet the followers of Aristobulus.16:11Greet Herodion, my relative. Greet the people of Narcissus who belong to the Master.

16:12Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labor for the Master. Greet dear Persis, who also works hard for the Master.16:13Greet Rufus, chosen by the Master, and his mother and mine.16:14Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brothers and sisters with them.16:15Greet Philologos and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the holy ones together with them.16:16Greet each other warmly. All the Congregations united with the Anointed send you greetings.

16:17Now I plead with you, sisters and brothers, to make note of those who cause division and set traps, contrary to what you learned, and turn away from them.16:18Such are not slaving for our Master the Anointed but for their own appetites; through flattery and praise they seduce the hearts of the innocent.16:19Everyone knows about your compliance, and that makes me very happy, but I want you to be wise to what is good yet innocent about evil.

16:20Now may the God of peace quickly crush the Adversary under your feet! May the favor of our Master Jesus be with you all.16:21Timothy our co-worker greets you, along with Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my relatives.16:22I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you who are united with the Master.16:23Greeting you also is my host, Gaius, and the whole Congregation. Erastus greets you (he is the administrator of the city), as does brother Quartus.16:24

16:25Now to him who is able to establish you in accord with my Gospel, and the proclamation of Jesus the Anointed— in accord with the revelation of the secret that was kept quiet through eternity past,16:26yet is now made known through the prophetic writings, according to the divine command of the eternal God being made known to all nations for obedient faith—16:27to the only wise God through Jesus the Anointed, be honor into the ages, absolutely!

  1. 1Failure and Favor are capitalized here to show that Paul is using personification to make his point.
  2. 2Though Paul says “not all those who descended from Israel are Israel,” he makes it clear throughout this section that he is talking about the two separate lines that came from Abraham. He is not saying that some descendants of Israel are not true Israel.
  3. 3In that last sentence of the paragraph, Paul is summarizing his explanation of how God uses the mutual hostility between Jews and Gentiles to show mercy to all. Some translations give the impression that God has forced people to be disobedient.
  4. 4Lit., the circumcision.