The Gospel according to John

1:1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word resided with God, and the Word was God;11:2he was there all along.

1:3Everything that exists is because of him, and not one thing exists that he didn’t make.1:4That which came into being in him was life, and this life was the light of people.1:5This light is shining into the darkness, and the darkness did not grasp it.

1:6Along came someone named John, who was commissioned by God.1:7His assignment was to serve as a witness to the Light so that everyone could believe through his testimony.1:8He was not the Light himself, but only came as a witness to it.

1:9This was the true Light which illuminates every person coming into the world.1:10But even though he came into the world he made, it didn’t recognize him;1:11he came to his own, but they didn’t accept him.1:12Yet to those who accepted him by putting their trust in him,2 he granted the privilege of becoming children of God.1:13These were not children born of a woman, or the will of the flesh or a husband,3 but generated by God.1:14The Word became flesh and made his home among us, and we observed his majesty— the majesty of the Unique One who is with the Father, full of favor and truth.

1:15John testifies about him and has shouted out, “This is the one I was talking about when I said, ‘The one coming after me is really in front of me, because he existed before me.’ ”41:16So we all received limitless favor from him,1:17since though the law was given through Moses, favor and truth came through Jesus the Anointed.1:18Though no one has ever seen God, he is now disclosed by the Unique God, who is the closest to the Father.

1:19This is the testimony John gave when the Judeans in Jerusalem sent out priests and Levites to interrogate him:

“Who are you?”

1:20And he freely admitted: “I am not the Anointed.”

1:21So they asked him: “Then who are you— Elijah?”

And he says, “I am not.”

“Are you The Prophet?”

And he answered, “No.”

1:22So they said, “Then who are you? Tell us what you say about yourself, so we have something to report to those who sent us.”1:23He replied, “I am ‘the voice of one shouting in the desert, “Straighten the road of the Master”’, according to what the prophet Isaiah said.”

1:24Now those who had been sent to him were Pharisees.1:25And they asked him, “Then why are you immersing, if you are not the Anointed, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?”1:26John replied, “I immerse with water, but you don’t realize that1:27the one coming after me has been standing among you. I am not even worthy to untie his shoes!”1:28All this happened in Bethany, on the other side of the Jordan River where John was immersing.

1:29The next day John sees Jesus coming toward him and says, “Look! The Lamb of God, the one taking away the failure5 of the world!1:30This is the one I was talking about when I said, ‘After me will come a man who has surpassed me, because he preceded me.’1:31And though I didn’t even recognize him, it was for this very purpose I came immersing in water: that he may be made known to Israel.”

1:32John continued his testimony: “For I have seen the Spirit come down from the sky like a dove and remain on him.1:33And I had not recognized him, but the one who sent me to immerse in water told me, ‘The one you see the Spirit land on is the one who immerses in the Holy Spirit.’1:34I have seen this, so I testified that this is the God-Man.”

1:35The next day John and two of his disciples were there again1:36and, seeing Jesus walking around, John says “Look, the Lamb of God!”1:37The two disciples heard him say this and became followers of Jesus.1:38Now Jesus turned around and observed them following him and he says, “What are you looking for?” But they said to him, “Rabbi” (which is translated “teacher”),6 “where are you staying?”1:39He says to them, “Come and you’ll see.” They came and saw where he was staying, and remained with him for the day. It was about 4 p.m.

1:40Andrew, brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who heard John and followed Jesus.1:41The first thing he does is to find his own brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah!” (which is translated “Anointed”).1:42He led him to Jesus, who looked at him and said, “You are Simon, son of John; you shall be called Cephas” (which is translated “Peter”).7

1:43The next day Jesus decided to go into Galilee. He finds Philip and says to him, “Follow me.”1:44Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the same city as Andrew and Peter.

1:45Philip finds Nathaniel and says, “We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law and the Prophets: Jesus, son of Joseph, from Nazareth.”

1:46And Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come from Nazareth?”

“Come and see,” replied Philip.

1:47Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him and says about him, “Now there’s a genuine Israeli, in whom there is no treachery.”

1:48Nathanael says to him, “How do you know me?”

Jesus replied, “I saw you under the fig tree before Philip called you.”

1:49“Rabbi, you are the God-Man!” Nathanael exclaimed. “You are the King of Israel!”

1:50And Jesus replied, “You believe because I told you I saw you under the fig tree; you will be seeing greater things than that!”1:51He added, “Very truly I tell you all, you will be seeing the sky opened up and the Messengers8 of God ascending and descending to and from the Human.”

2:1Now on the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and Jesus’ mother was there.2:2Jesus and his disciples were also invited.2:3When the wine ran out, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They are out of wine.”

2:4Jesus says to her, “What does that have to do with me, dear woman? My time has not yet come.”

2:5But his mother says to the servants,9 “Do whatever he tells you.”

2:6Now there were six stone water jars there, for use in Judean cleansing rituals, each with a capacity of two or three measures.102:7Jesus says to them, “Fill up the jars to the brim with water,” and so they did.2:8Then he told them, “Now dip some out and take it to the master of ceremonies,” and so they did.

2:9Now when the master of ceremonies tasted the water that had been turned into wine, not knowing its origin (though the servants who had dipped it out knew), he summons the bridegroom2:10and says to him, “Everyone else serves the best wine first and then brings out the cheap wine after the guests are drunk, but you have saved the best for last!”

2:11This was the first of the miracles Jesus did in Cana of Galilee. It revealed his majesty, and his disciples put their trust in him.2:12Afterward he went down into Capernaum, along with his mother, siblings, and disciples, where they remained for several days.

2:13It was near the Passover of the Judeans, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.2:14In the temple compound he found brokers and merchants selling oxen, sheep, and doves.2:15Making a whip out of ropes, he threw everyone out of the temple compound, including the animals. He upended the brokers’ tables, scattering their coins,2:16and said to those selling doves, “Get these things out of here! Do not turn my Father’s house into a merchant’s house!”2:17Then his disciples remembered that it was written, “Passion for your house will consume me.”

2:18Then the Judeans demanded, “What is the meaning of this?”

2:19Jesus responded, “You will destroy this temple, but in three days I will put it up again.”

2:20The Judeans retorted, “It took forty-six years to build this temple11, and you are going to put it up in three days!?”

2:21But he was talking about the temple of his body.2:22When he was awakened from the dead, his disciples remembered he said this, and they believed the scripture and what Jesus said.

2:23Now while Jesus was in Jerusalem for the Passover festival, many accepted him because of the miracles they saw him do.2:24But Jesus did not put much stock in them himself, knowing how people are.2:25He needed no one’s testimony about anyone since he knew what was in a person.

3:1Now there was an individual from among the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Judeans.3:2He came to Jesus by night and said, “Rabbi, we perceive that you are a teacher from God, for no one can do the miracles you do unless God were with him.”

3:3Jesus answered, “I tell you very truly that if anyone is not born from above, they are unable to recognize the kingdom of God.”

3:4Nicodemus says, “How can an old person be born [again]? Surely no one is able to enter their mother’s womb a second time and be born!”

3:5Jesus answered, “I tell you very truly, if anyone is not born of water and the Spirit, they cannot enter into the kingdom of God.3:6That which is generated by the flesh is flesh, and that which is generated by the spirit is spirit.3:7You should not be puzzled about my telling you that you have to be born from above.3:8The wind blows wherever it chooses and you hear the sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So it is with everyone generated by the Spirit.”

3:9“How can this happen?” asked Nicodemas.

3:10Jesus replied, “How can you be a teacher of Israel and not know these things?3:11I tell you very truly that we speak of what we understand, and we testify of what we have seen, but none of you are accepting our testimony.3:12If I have spoken to you of earthly things and none of you believe, how will any of you believe if I speak of heavenly things?3:13And no one has ascended into heaven except the one who descended from there: the Human.

3:14“Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so also must the Human be lifted up,3:15so that everyone who trusts in him may have eternal life.3:16Likewise, since God loved the world, he also gave his unique Son so that everyone who would trust in him would not be destroyed but have eternal life.3:17For God did not dispatch his son into the world to pass judgment on it, but to save it through him.3:18The one putting trust in him is not condemned, but the one not trusting is condemned already for rejecting the name of the only God-Man.

3:19“Now this is the verdict: the Light has come into the world, but people preferred the shadows to the Light, because their actions were evil.3:20For everyone who practices evil hates the Light and does not come toward it or their actions would be exposed.3:21Yet the one with the truth comes toward the Light so their actions can be revealed, since they were performed to honor God.”

3:22After this Jesus and his disciples came into the region of Judea, and he stayed with them and immersed people.3:23Now John was also immersing in Aenon near Salim, for there was plenty of water, and people came along to be immersed.3:24(This was before John was thrown into prison.)

3:25Then there was a dispute between John’s disciples and a Judean about cleansing.3:26So they came to John and said, “Rabbi, the one who was with you on the other side of the Jordan, the one you testified about… Look! He is immersing and everyone is going to him.”

3:27John replied, “No one can receive anything without it being given from heaven.3:28You yourselves have testified to me that I said I am not the Anointed but only the one commissioned to precede him.3:29It is the bridegroom who has the bride, yet the bridegroom’s friend, who has been waiting, is overjoyed to hear his voice. This is the joy I have, and it is now complete.3:30That One must become greater, while it is my place to become lesser.

3:31“The one coming from above is above all. The one of the earth is of the earth and speaks from the earth, but the one coming from heaven is above all.3:32He testifies about what he has seen and heard, yet no one accepts his testimony.3:33But the one accepting it certifies that God is true.3:34For the one that God commissions speaks God’s declarations, because God gives the Spirit without limit.3:35The Father loves the Son and has given everything into his hand.3:36The one putting trust in the Son has eternal life, yet the one hostile to the Son shall not see life; only the rage of God is left to that one.”

4:1Now since Jesus knew that the Pharisees heard he was confirming and immersing more disciples than John4:2(though it wasn’t actually Jesus doing the immersing, but his disciples),4:3he left Judea and returned to Galilee.4:4But this required him to pass through Samaria,4:5and he came into one of their cities called Sychar, near the parcel of land Jacob gave his son Joseph.4:6Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.

4:7A woman comes out of Samaria to draw water, and Jesus says to her, “Give me a drink.”4:8(His disciples had gone into the city to buy food.)

4:9So she says to him, “What’s with a Judean like you asking a Samaritan woman like me for a drink?” (Judeans don’t associate with Samaritans.)

4:10Jesus answered, “If you only knew of the gift of God and who it is that is asking you for a drink! Then you would ask him and he would give you living water.”

4:11She replies, “Sir, you don’t even have a bucket and the well is deep. Where would you get this living water?4:12You are not greater than our ancestor Jacob who gave us this well, and from which he, his children, and his livestock were nourished.”

4:13Jesus responded, “Everyone who drinks this water will thirst again.4:14But whoever may drink of the water I will give them will absolutely never thirst again; the water I give will be like a perpetual well filled with eternal life.”

4:15The woman asks him directly, “Sir, give me this kind of water so I won’t thirst again and will no longer have to come through here to draw water.”

4:16Jesus says, “Go get your husband and come back here.”

4:17The woman answered, “I have no husband.”

Jesus replies, “You have well said that you have no husband.4:18You’ve had five men, and the one you have now isn’t your husband. Your statement is quite true.”

4:19The woman says, “Sir, I can tell you’re a prophet.4:20Our ancestors worshiped in this mountain, but you [Judeans] say that only Jerusalem is the place to worship.”

4:21Jesus replies, “Trust me, dear woman; the time is coming when none of you will worship the Father in this mountain nor in Jerusalem.4:22Your people worship in ignorance, but we worship in understanding, because The Rescue12 comes from the Judeans.4:23Yet the time is coming— in fact, it’s already upon us— when real worshipers will worship the Father genuinely and spiritually, since they are the kind the Father searches for.4:24God is spirit, and those who worship him must do so genuinely and spiritually.”

4:25The woman responds, “I understand that the Anointed is coming (we say Messiah, you say Christ). And when he does, he will explain everything completely.”

4:26Jesus says, “He’s the one talking to you!”

4:27Just then his disciples arrived, and they were surprised he was talking with a woman. But no one asked what he wanted or why he was talking with her.4:28Then the woman left her water jar and went into the city to tell the people,4:29“Come and see someone who told me everything I ever did! Could this be the Anointed?”4:30So they left the city and went out to him.

4:31In the meantime his disciples urged him, “Rabbi, eat something.”

4:32But he replied, “I have food to eat that you don’t know about.”

4:33The disciples said to each other, “You didn’t bring him anything to eat, did you?”

4:34So Jesus told them, “My food is to do the will of the one who sent me and finish the job.4:35Don’t people say that it is still four months till the harvest comes? But look! Open your eyes and examine the countryside; the fields are ready for harvest.4:36The harvester is already being paid and gathering the produce of eternal life, so that both the planter and the harvester may celebrate together.4:37As the saying goes, ’One plants and another harvests‘.4:38I commissioned you to harvest that which none of you worked for, so that you share in the labor of others.”

4:39Now many of the Samaritans of that city put their trust in him because of what the woman said when she testified, “He told me everything I ever did.”4:40When the Samaritans came to him they asked him to stay with them, and he stayed for two days.4:41And many more believed because of what he said.4:42They told the woman, “We no longer believe only because of what you told us, but also because of what we ourselves have heard him say. We can see that this really is the Savior of the world!”

4:43After those two days he left there and went back into Galilee.4:44For Jesus himself testified that a prophet gets no respect in their hometown.4:45Yet when he got there the Galileans accepted him, having seen all he did in Jerusalem during the festival, where they had also come.

4:46Jesus returned to Cana of Galilee, where he had made the water into wine. There was a certain royal official in Capernaum, whose son was sick.4:47Upon hearing that Jesus arrived from Judea into Galilee, the official went to him and asked that he would go down to heal his son, who was near death.

4:48Jesus said to him, “You people have no faith unless you see amazing miracles.”

4:49The official replies, “Sir, please come before my little one dies!”

4:50Jesus says to him, “On you way! Your son lives.”

The person believed what Jesus told him and went.4:51On the way his slaves met up with him and said, “Your child is alive!”4:52He asked them what hour it was when he got better, and they told him, “The fever left him yesterday at 1 p.m.”4:53Then the father realized that this was when Jesus said “Your son lives.” And so he and his entire household believed.4:54This was the second miracle Jesus did when he came out of Judea into Galilee.

5:1After that there was a festival of the Judeans, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.5:2Now there is a pool with five porticoes in Jerusalem at the Sheep Gate, which in Hebrew is called Bethzatha.5:3A large number of the disabled— blind, lame, sick— were set down in the porticoes5:4[to wait for the stirring of the water. For a Messenger of the Master would come from time to time to stir up the water, and the first person to get into the water would be healed of whatever ailment they had.]13

5:5Now a certain person was there who had been disabled for thirty-eight years.5:6Jesus, seeing this one lying down and knowing he had been there a long time, says to him, “[I assume] you want to be healed.”14

5:7The disabled one replied, “Sir, I have no one to help me into the water whenever it is disturbed. Before I can get in, someone else gets there first.”

5:8Jesus says to him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk!”5:9Then immediately the person was healed, and he picked up his mat and walked around. This was on a Sabbath day.

5:10Then the Judeans said to the one who was healed, “This is a Sabbath, and you are not permitted to pick up your mat!”

5:11But he answered, “The one who healed me is the one who told me to pick up my mat and walk.”

5:12Then they asked him, “Who told you this?”5:13But the one who was healed didn’t see who it was, because Jesus had slipped away into the crowd.

5:14After this, Jesus finds him in the temple compound and said to him, “Look at you— you have been healed. Be sure not to fail any more, or else something worse may happen to you.”5:15The person went away and informed the Judeans that Jesus is the one who healed him.5:16And for this reason the Judeans hounded Jesus, because he did these things on the Sabbath.

5:17Yet Jesus answered them, “My Father is at work, and so am I.”5:18This made the Judeans all the more determined to kill him, since he not only violated the Sabbath but also called God his father, making himself the same as God.

5:19Then Jesus responded to them, “Very truly I tell you all, that the Son can do nothing of his own accord but only that which he sees the Father doing, because whatever the Father does is what the Son also does.5:20For the Father loves the Son and shows him everything he is doing. And he will show him greater and more amazing things than these:5:21just as the Father raises the dead back to life, so also the Son gives life to whomever he chooses.5:22The Father is not judging anyone but has instead handed it all over to the Son,5:23so that all might honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Conversely, those who dishonor the Son dishonor the Father who sent him.

5:24“Very truly I tell you all, that the one who hears what I say and puts trust in the one sending me has eternal life; they are not coming into judgment but have moved out of death and into life.5:25I tell you that an hour is coming— and in fact is upon us— when the dead will hear the voice of the God-Man and come to life.5:26For just as the Father owns life, so also the Son owns life.5:27The Father gives him authority to judge, seeing that he is a human being.

5:28“Don’t be surprised at this, since the hour is coming when all those in their graves will hear his voice;5:29those who do good things will be raised into life, but those practicing foul things will be raised into judgment.5:30I can do nothing of my own accord; I only judge as I am told. My judgment is impartial due to the fact that I am not following my own agenda but that of the one who sent me.

5:31“If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid.5:32But there is another who vouches for me, and I have perceived that his testimony is true.5:33You sent people to John and he served as a witness to the truth.5:34Yet I am not getting my testimony from people, but I tell you these things so you can be saved.5:35John was a little candle that burned and shined, and for a short time you basked in his light.5:36Yet my testimony is greater than his, because the tasks the Father has given me to complete— the very things I am doing— are evidence that the Father has commissioned me.

5:37“And the one sending me— the Father— has testified about me, though you have neither heard his voice nor seen his appearance5:38and do not retain his Word, because you have not believed the one he commissioned.5:39You search the Writings because you think that in them you have eternal life, yet those very Writings are a witness to me.5:40You refuse to come to me so you could have life.

5:41“I don’t get my honor from people;5:42but I know you all, and the love of God is not in you.5:43I have come with the authority of my Father and you won’t accept me, but if someone comes by their own authority you’ll accept them.5:44How can you believe, when your honor comes from each other instead of reaching for the honor that only comes from God?5:45Do not suppose that I will be your accuser before the Father; your accuser will be none other than Moses, the one upon whom you’ve pinned all your hopes.5:46For if you had believed Moses you’d believe me, since I’m the one he wrote about.5:47So if you don’t believe what he wrote, how will you believe what I declare?”

6:1After this Jesus went away to the other side of the Sea of Galilee (also called Tiberias).6:2Now a very large crowd followed him there, since they had seen the miracles he had performed on the disabled.6:3So he went up into the mountain and sat with his disciples.6:4This was just prior to the Passover festival of the Judeans.

6:5Then Jesus, looking up and seeing the huge crowd coming toward him says to Philip, “Where can we buy bread for them to eat?”6:6He said this to test him, since he already had in mind what he was going to do.

6:7“Eight month’s wages wouldn’t be enough to give each person a bite!” answered Philip.

6:8One of his disciples (Simon Peter’s brother Andrew) says to him,6:9“Here is someone with five barley loaves and two little fish, but what good are they for so many?”

6:10But Jesus said, “Have the people seat themselves for a meal.” There was plenty of grass in that area, so the people reclined. The number of men was about five thousand.6:11Then he took the bread, gave thanks, and distributed it to them. It was the same with the fish;6:12they got as much as they wanted. When everyone was full, Jesus told his disciples, “Gather up the leftover pieces so that nothing is wasted.”6:13They did so and were able to stuff twelve wicker baskets with the leftover pieces of the five loaves.

6:14Seeing the miracle Jesus did, the people said, “Truly this is the Prophet, the Coming One!”6:15Then Jesus, knowing that they were about to come and seize him in order to make him king, withdrew into the mountain by himself.

6:16Now as evening approached, his disciples went down to the sea.6:17They boarded a ship and went across the sea to Capernaum. Darkness had already come but Jesus had not yet joined them,6:18and the sea was also churned up due to a strong wind.6:19When they had rowed about three miles,15 they see Jesus walking on the sea, approaching the ship, and they were terrified.6:20But Jesus tells them, “It’s me, don’t be afraid!”6:21They intended to take him on board, but suddenly they found themselves at their destination.

6:22The next day the crowd was standing on the other side of the sea. They knew that there had only been one other boat there, and Jesus did not leave with his disciples; they had gone off alone.6:23But boats from Tiberias arrived near the place where they had eaten the bread for which the Master had given thanks.6:24So, realizing that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they got into the boats and set off for Capernaum to look for Jesus.

6:25Finding him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you get here?”

6:26Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, you didn’t come looking for me because of the miracles you saw, but because you filled yourselves with bread.6:27Don’t work for food that spoils, but food that endures into eternal life. This is what The Human will give you, the one certified by the Father.”

6:28Then they asked him, “What can we do, so that we are performing the work God wants from us?”

6:29Jesus answered, “This is what God wants you to do: to put your trust into the one he commissioned.”

6:30Then they said to him, “So then, what miracle will you do, so we can see it and believe you? What will you do?6:31Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness just as it is written, ‘Out of the sky he gave them bread to eat.’ ”

6:32Jesus replied, “I tell you very truly, it wasn’t Moses who gave you bread from the sky, but my Father who has given you true bread from heaven.6:33For the Bread of God is the one descending from heaven and giving eternal life to the world.”

6:34So they said to him, “Sir, keep on giving us this bread!”

6:35But Jesus responded, “I am the Bread of Life; whoever comes toward me will in no way ever go hungry, and whoever puts their trust in me will never go thirsty.6:36But I told you that, yet you have watched me and don’t believe.

6:37“All that the Father gives me will reach me; I will absolutely not throw out any that come toward me.6:38The reason I came down from heaven was not to do my own will but that of the one who sent me.6:39And this is what he wants: that I would not lose one of them, but raise them up in the last day.6:40My Father’s will is that all who look to the Son and put their trust in him may have eternal life, and I will raise them up in the last day.”

6:41Then the Judeans grumbled about him because he said “I am the Bread of Life, the one coming down from heaven.”6:42So they said, “Isn’t this Jesus the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he say that he came down from heaven?”

6:43Jesus replied, “Stop grumbling among yourselves!6:44No one can come to me without being pulled by the Father who commissioned me, and I will raise them up in the last day.6:45It has been written by the prophets, ‘And they will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who hears and learns from the Father comes toward me.6:46The Father has been seen by no one except the one from God.

6:47“I tell you very truly, that the one who believes has eternal life.6:48I am the Bread of Life.6:49Your ancestors ate manna in the wilderness and died,6:50[but] anyone who eats this Bread from heaven will not die.6:51I am the living Bread from heaven; whoever eats this Bread will live forever. Now what I mean by ’bread‘ is my flesh, which I will give up so that the world may live.”

6:52Then the Judeans argued with each other and said, “How can he give us his flesh to eat?”

6:53So Jesus responded, “I tell you very truly that if you do not consume the flesh and blood of the Human, you have no life in yourselves.6:54The one who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise that one up at the last day,6:55for my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink.6:56The one who consumes my flesh and blood remains in me, and I remain in that one.

6:57“Just as the Father who commissioned me lives, I too live because of him. In the same way, the one consuming me will live because of me.6:58This is the Bread that came down from heaven; unlike our ancestors who ate and died, the one consuming this Bread will live forever.”

6:59He said these things while teaching in a meeting place in Capernaum.6:60But upon hearing it, many of his disciples said, “This is a harsh teaching! Who can listen to it?”

6:61Now Jesus, perceiving that his disciples were grumbling about this, asked them, “Is this tripping you up?6:62What if you were to watch the Human going up to where he was at first?6:63The Spirit is what gives life; the flesh is of no advantage. The things I have declared to you are spirit and life.6:64But there are some among you who do not believe.”

Now Jesus knew from the beginning who the unbelievers were, as well as who would betray him.6:65So he continued, “Therefore I have stated that no one could come to me without the Father granting it to them.”

6:66At this, many of his disciples turned away and no longer followed him.6:67So Jesus said to the Twelve, “Please tell me you don’t want to leave too!”

6:68Simon Peter answered him, “Master, to whom would we turn? You have the pronouncements of eternal life!6:69We trust you and are convinced that you are the Holy One of God.”

6:70Jesus replied to them all, “Haven’t I chosen you Twelve? Yet one of you is a false accuser!”6:71(He was referring to Judas, son of Simon of Kerioth. Though one of the Twelve, he intended to betray Jesus.)

7:1After that, Jesus went about in Galilee instead of Judea, since the Judeans intended to kill him.7:2Now the Judeans’ Festival of Tents was approaching,7:3so his siblings said to him, “If you want to be famous, you’ll have to go into Judea so your disciples can see what you’re doing.7:4After all, people don’t stay hidden if they want publicity. If you’re going to do these things, show the world!”7:5(His own siblings didn’t believe him.)

7:6But Jesus responded, “My time has not yet come, but for you, any time will do.7:7The world can’t hate you, but it hates me because I am testifying that it does evil.7:8So you go on up to the festival; I’m not going to this one because it isn’t my time.”7:9After he said this, he remained in Galilee.7:10Yet he did go after his siblings left, but secretly so no one would know.

7:11Now the Judeans were looking for him at the festival and saying “Where is he?”7:12And there was disagreement about him in the crowd, with some saying “He is good” and others saying “No, he is misleading people.”7:13Yet no one talked about him openly for fear of the Judeans.

7:14It was already midway through the festival when Jesus went up into the temple compound and began to teach.7:15But the Judeans were astounded and said, “How did he learn so much without an education?”

7:16Jesus answered, “This teaching is not mine but is from the one who sent me.7:17Whoever chooses to do what he says will know whether my teaching is from God or only from me.7:18Those who only want to honor themselves speak on their own behalf, but those who want to honor the one who sent them are true; there is no injustice in them.7:19Hasn’t Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you obeys it! Why do you intend to kill me?”

7:20But the crowd retorted, “You’re possessed! Who wants to kill you?”

7:21Jesus said, “I do one miracle [on a Sabbath] and you’re all surprised!7:22Now Moses gave you [the rite of] circumcision (though it wasn’t actually from Moses but the ancestors), yet you will even circumcise someone on a Sabbath.7:23But though you will do this to avoid violating the law of Moses, you are enraged at me for healing someone on a Sabbath!167:24Don’t judge by appearances; instead, reach the proper verdict.”

7:25Then some of the residents of Jerusalem said, “Isn’t this the one they intend to kill?7:26But look! He speaks boldly and they say nothing to him. Have the authorities realized that this is undoubtedly the Anointed?7:27On the other hand, we know where this one is from, but when the Anointed comes, no one knows for sure where he comes from.”

7:28So then Jesus, who was teaching in the temple compound, shouted out, “Yes, you know me and where I’m from, yet I have not come of my own accord. But the one sending me is true. You do not know him,7:29but I do, because he commissioned me and so I came.”7:30At this they tried to arrest him, but no one laid a hand on him because his time had not yet come.

7:31Many in the crowd put their trust in him and said, “When the Anointed comes, he will do no more miracles than this one!”7:32Now the Pharisees heard what the crowd was saying about him, so the ruling priests and Pharisees dispatched deputies17 to arrest him.7:33Then Jesus said, “I’ll only be with you for a short time now, and then I must return to the one who sent me.7:34You will all look for me but won’t find me, because where I am you cannot follow.”

7:35Then the Judeans said to themselves, “Where does he intend to go, that we cannot follow him? Surely he doesn’t mean to go out to our people scattered among the Greeks and teach the Greeks!7:36And what does he mean by saying ’You will all look for me but won’t find me, because where I am you cannot follow’?”

7:37Now on the last and greatest day of the feast, Jesus stood up and shouted, “Let whoever is thirsty come to me and drink!7:38The one who puts their trust in me will have, as scripture says, ‘living waters flowing out of them’.”7:39Yet he was speaking of the Spirit that those who would put trust in him would receive, for the Spirit had not yet been given because Jesus had not yet been exalted.

7:40Some in the crowd heard these things and said, “Truly, this is the Prophet!”7:41Others said, “This is the Anointed,” but some replied, “The Anointed doesn’t come from Galilee.7:42Don’t the Writings say that the Anointed would be of the line of David, and from his city of Bethlehem?”7:43So a rift developed in the crowd because of him.7:44Some even wanted to arrest him, but no one laid a hand on him.

7:45Then the deputies came to the ruling priests and Pharisees, who demanded, “Why didn’t you bring him here?”

7:46“No one ever spoke like this person!” they answered.

7:47“Don’t tell us you’re deceived too!” retorted the Pharisees.7:48“None of the authorities or Pharisees trusts in him,7:49but this ignorant crowd is under a curse!”

7:50Nicodemus, the one who had come to Jesus earlier and was one of the Pharisees, says,7:51“No law of ours judges someone before hearing their testimony and examining the evidence.”

7:52“Don’t tell us you’re from Galilee too!” they retorted. “Do your own investigation and you’ll see that no prophet is called out of Galilee.”

7:53Then they all went to their homes,8:1but Jesus went up into the Mount of Olives.8:2At dawn the next day he returned to the temple compound, and all the people came toward him, so he sat down to teach them.

8:3Now the scripture scholars and Pharisees bring a woman caught in the act of adultery and, standing her among them,8:4ask Jesus, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in the very act of adultery.8:5Yet in the law Moses gave us, he directs that such people are to be put to death by stoning. What do you say?”

8:6Of course they only said this to test him, so they would have something to charge him with. So Jesus stooped down and wrote something in the dirt with his finger.8:7Since they kept on demanding an answer, he stood up and replied, “Let the sinless one among you throw the first stone!”

8:8He stooped down again to write on the ground.8:9But those listening went away one by one, beginning with the elders, and he was left alone, with the woman standing there.

8:10Standing up again, Jesus asked her, “Dear woman, where are they? Is no one condemning you?”

8:11“Not one, sir,” she replied.

“Neither do I condemn you,” said Jesus. “Go your way, but from now on you must stop failing!”

8:12Again Jesus speaks to them: “I am the light of the world. The one who follows me will in no way walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”

8:13Then the Pharisees said to him, “You are testifying on your own behalf; your testimony is invalid!”

8:14Jesus responded, “Even if I am testifying on my own behalf, my testimony is valid, because I know where I came from and where I’m going, even though you don’t.

8:15“You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one.8:16But even if I judge, my judgment is right, for I am not alone; I [am with] the Father who sent me.

8:17“Now in this law of yours it has been written that the testimony of two people is valid.8:18I am the one witnessing on my own behalf, but the Father who sent me is also testifying about me.”

8:19“So where is your father?” they demanded.

Jesus replied, “You have understood neither me nor my Father; if you knew me, you’d know my Father as well.”8:20He said all this while he was teaching in the part of the temple compound where the treasury was. And no one arrested him because his hour had not yet come.

8:21Then he said to them again, “I am going away and you will look for me. Yet you will die in your failure because you cannot come where I’m going.”

8:22So the Judeans asked each other, “He won’t kill himself, will he, seeing that he says ‘You can’t come where I’m going’?”

8:23“You are from below, but I am from above,” Jesus told them. “You are from the world but I am not.8:24That is what I meant by saying you will die in your failures, for if you never trust that I am, you certainly will die in your failures.”

8:25They finally asked him, “Who are you?”

“Exactly what I’ve been saying all along,” Jesus replied.8:26“I have much to say to you and by which to judge you. But the one sending me is true, and what he tells me I pass along to the world.”

8:27They did not know that he was talking about the Father.8:28So Jesus said to them again, “When you have lifted up18 the Human, then you will know who I am. I do nothing of my own accord, but only speak as the Father instructs me.8:29And the one who sends me is with me. He does not leave me alone, because I’m always doing what pleases him.”

8:30Many put their trust in him as he spoke.8:31So Jesus said to the Judeans who believed, “If you keep adhering to what I say, then you really are my disciples.8:32You will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

8:33“We are the progeny of Abraham,” they19 responded. “Not once were we ever slaves. How can you say we will be set free?”

8:34Jesus replied, “I tell you very truly, that everyone who fails is a slave of Failure.8:35Now the slave does not have permanent status as family, but only the child.8:36So if the Son liberates you, you will truly be free.

8:37“I am aware that you are the progeny of Abraham. But you want to kill me because there is no room in you for my sayings.8:38I am telling you what I have perceived from my Father. And you, too, do what you hear from your father.”

8:39“Our father is Abraham!” they said.

“If you were children of Abraham, you would act like Abraham!”, Jesus retorted.8:40“I am someone who has spoken the truth to you that I heard from God. Yet you want to kill me, and that’s something Abraham wouldn’t do.8:41But you are acting like your father!”

“We are not illegitimate children! We have one father, God!” they shot back.

8:42Then Jesus said to them, “If God were your father, you would have loved me. For I set out from God and have arrived, not of my own accord but of the one who commissioned me.

8:43“How can you not know what I’m telling you? It’s because you refuse to hear my sayings.8:44You are of your father the False Accuser, and you want to carry out his desires. He was a murderer from the beginning and does not stand by the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks lies he speaks his native language, for he is the father of all liars.

8:45“Yet in spite of my speaking the truth, you don’t believe me.8:46Yet who among you is calling me out for failing? If I am telling the truth, on what grounds do you not believe me?8:47The one from God hears the declarations of God. So it follows that since you don’t hear, you don’t belong to God.”

8:48The Judeans retorted, “Weren’t we right to call you a Samaritan? You’re possessed!”

8:49“I am not possessed,” Jesus replied, “but I am honoring my Father while you are dishonoring me.8:50Not that I seek my own honor; he is the one who seeks it and judges.8:51Very truly I tell you, that if anyone keeps to my sayings, under no circumstances will they ever face death.”

8:52Then the Judeans said, “Now we’re sure you’re possessed! Abraham and all the prophets have died, yet you say, ‘If anyone keeps to my sayings, under no circumstances will they ever face death.’8:53You are not greater than our father Abraham or the prophets who have all died. Who do you think you are?”

8:54Jesus answered, “If I were to honor myself, my honor would be nothing. It is my Father who honors me, the one you say is your God.8:55Yet you don’t know him, but I do. And if I were to say that I didn’t know him I’d be a liar like you! Yet I do know him and keep his sayings.

8:56“Your father Abraham was overjoyed to see my day [coming]; he saw it and was happy.”

8:57“You haven’t yet reached the age of fifty, and you’ve seen Abraham!” scoffed the Judeans.

8:58Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, before Abraham was born, I am!”208:59At this they picked up stones to kill him, but Jesus hid and escaped from the temple compound.

9:1As he walked along he noticed someone who had been blind from birth.9:2And his disciples asked him, “Rabbi, was it his own or his parents’ fault that this person was born blind?”

9:3“Neither,” answered Jesus. “It was so the actions of God can be revealed in him.9:4We must keep performing the actions of the one sending me while it is daytime; the night is coming, when no one can work.9:5But as long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”

9:6Having said this, he spat on the ground and made mud out of the saliva. He smeared the mud on the person’s eyes9:7and said to him, “Go and wash yourself in the swimming pool of Siloam” (which is translated “Commissioned”). He went and washed, and came back seeing.

9:8Then the neighbors and those who had seen him before (since he was a beggar) asked, “Isn’t this the one who used to sit and beg?”

9:9Some said, “This is he,” while others said, “It can’t be! It’s only someone who looks like him.” But he said, “I am that one.”

9:10Then they said to him, “How were your eyes opened up?”

9:11He answered, “The one called Jesus made mud and smeared it on my eyes, then told me to go and wash in the swimming pool of Siloam. I did this and received my sight.”

9:12So they asked, “Where is he?” but he replied, “I don’t know.”

9:13So they take the one who had been blind to the Pharisees.9:14Now it was on a Sabbath day that Jesus made the mud and opened up his eyes.9:15And the Pharisees too asked him how he received his sight. He told them, “He smeared mud on my eyes, I washed, and I see.”

9:16Then some of the Pharisees said, “This person is not from God since he does not honor the Sabbath.” Yet others said, “How can a deviant do such miracles?” So a rift developed among them.

9:17Once again they say to the blind one, “What do you have to say about him, seeing that he opened up your eyes?” And he replied, “He is a prophet.”9:18Yet the Judeans still didn’t believe he was blind and then received sight till they summoned his parents.

9:19And they asked them, “Is this your son, who you say was born blind? So how is it that he can see now?”

9:20“We know this is our son and that he was born blind,” his parents answered.9:21“But we don’t know how he can see now, or who opened up his eyes. Ask him yourself, since he is of age and can speak for himself.”

9:22(His parents said these things because they feared the Judeans, who had already agreed that anyone confirming [Jesus] as Anointed would be put out of the synagogue.9:23That’s why they said, “He is of age, ask him.”)

9:24So they summoned the person born blind a second time and said to him, “Swear to tell the truth! We know that this person is a deviant.”

9:25“If he’s a deviant, I certainly don’t know,” he replied. “But one thing I do know is that I was blind and now I see.”

9:26But again they asked, “What did he do to you? How did he open up your eyes?”

9:27He answered, “I already told you but you don’t listen. Why do you want to hear it again? You don’t want to become his disciples too, do you?”

9:28They vilified him and said, “You’re a disciple of his, but we are disciples of Moses!9:29We know that God spoke to Moses, but this one— we don’t know where he comes from.”

9:30“How shocking,” the person answered, “that you don’t know where he comes from even though he opened my eyes!9:31We know that God does not listen to deviants; he only listens to those who honor him and do as he wills.9:32No one has ever heard of anyone opening up the eyes of the blind,9:33so unless this one was from God he couldn’t do anything.”

9:34“You were born saturated in failure, and you dare to lecture us!” they retorted. And they threw him out.

9:35Jesus hears that they threw him out. Finding him, he asked, “Do you trust in the Human?”

9:36He answered, “Who is he, sir, that I should put my trust in him?”

9:37“You have seen him; he’s talking to you!” Jesus replied.

9:38Then he declared, “I believe, sir!” And he worshiped him.

9:39Then Jesus said, “I have come into the world in judgment, so that those who cannot see may see, and those who see may become blind.”

9:40The Pharisees who were with him heard this, and they said to him, “[Of course,] we are not blind too!”

9:41“If you were blind,” Jesus replied, “you couldn’t be charged with failure. But now, since you say that you see, your guilt remains.

10:1“Very truly I tell you, that anyone who does not come into the sheep pen through the gate but by some other means is a thief and a robber.10:2But the one entering through the gate is the shepherd.10:3The gatekeeper opens the gate for this one and the sheep listen to the shepherd’s voice.10:4Whenever the shepherd leads them out, the sheep follow because they know their own shepherd’s voice.10:5An outsider, on the other hand, they would not follow under any circumstances; they will run away from anyone whose voice they don’t recognize.”

10:6Jesus gave them this illustration, yet they didn’t know what he was talking about.10:7So he told them again, “I tell you very truly that I am the gateway for the sheep.10:8All who came before me were thieves and robbers but the sheep did not listen to them.10:9I am the gateway; if anyone enters through me they will be saved, and will come and go freely and find pasture.10:10The thief only comes to steal and execute and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it to the extreme!

10:11“I am the good shepherd who lays down his life for the sheep.10:12But the hired hand, who isn’t the shepherd and doesn’t own the sheep, abandons them and runs away, leaving the wolf to snatch them up and scatter them.10:13The hired hand runs away because, since it’s only a job, there is no concern for the sheep.10:14But I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and they know me,10:15just as the Father knows me and I know him. So I lay down my life for the sheep.

10:16“Also, I have other sheep that are not of this pen. I must lead them as well, and they will recognize my voice. Then there will be one flock, one shepherd.

10:17“Therefore the Father loves me because I lay down my life in order to take it up again.10:18No one takes it from me; I lay it down of my own accord. I have the right to lay it down and the right to take it back. This is the ruling I got from my Father.”

10:19Once again a rift developed among the Judeans because of these sayings.10:20Now many of them said, “He’s possessed and out of his mind! Why do you listen to him?”10:21But others said, “These pronouncements are not what we’d expect from the demon-possessed. No demon can open up the eyes of the blind.”

10:22Now it was time for the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem. It was winter,10:23and Jesus walked in Solomon’s Portico inside the temple compound.10:24Then the Judeans surrounded him and said, “How long will you keep us guessing? If you are the Anointed, say so boldly and publicly!”

10:25“I told you but you don’t believe me,” Jesus replied. “The things I do on behalf of my Father serve as my witnesses.10:26But you don’t believe me because you’re not my sheep— just as I told you.10:27My sheep listen to my voice; I know them and they follow me.10:28And I give them eternal life, so that in no way will they ever die; no one will be able to snatch them out of my hand.10:29My Father who has given them to me is the greatest of all, and no one can snatch them out of his hand.10:30I and the Father are one!”

10:31Once again the Judeans picked up stones in order to stone him,10:32but Jesus asked them, “I have shown you many good deeds from my Father. For which one are you stoning me?”

10:33“We’re not stoning you for any good deed,” they answered, “but for maligning the name of God, because you, a mere human, equate yourself with God!”

10:34Jesus responded, “Isn’t it written in your law, ‘I said you are gods’?10:35If he told those to whom the word of God came that they are gods— and the Writing cannot be undone—10:36then how can you say to the one the Father set apart and commissioned, ‘You are maligning the name of God’, just because I said ‘I am the God-Man’?

10:37“If I am not doing my Father’s actions then don’t believe me.10:38Yet if I am doing them and you still don’t believe me, then at least believe what I do, so that you will know and believe that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.”

10:39So they tried to arrest him again but he escaped.10:40Then he went back to the other side of the Jordan, to the place where John had been baptizing, and stayed there.10:41Many came to him and said, “John did no miracles, but everything he said about this one has come true.”10:42And many put their trust in him there.

11:1Now there was a certain ill person named Lazarus from Bethany, the same village as Mary and her sister Martha.11:2(This Mary was the one who rubbed the Master’s feet with perfumed oil and wiped them with her hair; the ill one Lazarus was her brother.)11:3So the sisters sent a message to him: “Master, your good friend is very ill!”11:4But when Jesus heard this, he said, ”This illness will not end in death but in honor to God, so that the Human will be honored through it.”

11:5Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.11:6But when he heard he was ill, he actually stayed where he was for two more days.11:7Only then did he say to his disciples, “Let’s go back to Judea.”

11:8“The Judeans intend to execute you now, yet you want to go back there!” exclaimed the disciples.

11:9“Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight?” Jesus asked. “If anyone walks around in the daytime they don’t stumble, because they see the light of this world.11:10But if they walk around during the night they stumble, because there is no light in them.”21

11:11Having said that, he added, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I am going to wake him up.”

11:12“Master,” replied his disciples, “If he has fallen asleep he will recover.”

11:13Now Jesus was actually talking about Lazarus’ death, but they had taken him literally.11:14So he told them plainly, “Lazarus died.11:15But I am happy for you, that you might believe since I wasn’t there. But let’s get going to him.”

11:16Then Thomas, nicknamed The Twin, said to the other disciples, “Let’s all go too, so we can die with him!”

11:17Upon his arrival in Bethany, Jesus found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days.11:18Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles away,2211:19and many of the Judeans had come to Martha and Mary to console them about their brother.11:20But Martha, upon hearing that Jesus was arriving, met up with him, while Mary remained in the house.

11:21Then Martha said to Jesus, “Master, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.11:22But even now I perceive that whatever you ask of God you will receive from God.”

11:23Jesus told her, “Your brother will arise.”

11:24“I understand,” replied Martha, “that he will rise in the resurrection at the last day.”

11:25Jesus told her, “I am the Resurrection and the Life; whoever puts their trust in me will live again even if they die.11:26And everyone who lives and puts their trust in me will definitely not ever die.23 Do you believe this?”

11:27She replied, “Yes, Master, I have believed that you are the Anointed, the God-Man, who is coming into the world.”11:28And with that, she went away and spoke privately to her sister Mary, telling her, “The Teacher is here and is calling for you.”

11:29As soon as she heard this, she got up quickly and went to him.11:30(Now Jesus had not yet come into the village but was still at the spot where Martha met up with him.)11:31Then the Judeans, who were in the house consoling her, saw her get up quickly and leave, so they followed her because they presumed she was going to the tomb to mourn.

11:32Then when Mary arrived at the place where Jesus was, she saw him and fell at his feet, and said, “Master, if you had been here, my brother would not have died!”11:33At the sight of her sobbing, along with the Judeans, Jesus was deeply moved in spirit and very distraught.11:34And he asked, “Where have you all placed him?”

“Come and see, Master” they replied.11:35And Jesus wept.

11:36So the Judeans said, “See how fond he was of him!”

11:37But some scoffed, “Couldn’t this one who opened up the eyes of the blind have been able to keep this person from dying?”

11:38Then Jesus, still very distraught, comes to the tomb, which was a cave with a stone laid upon it.11:39And he says, “Take away the stone!”

Martha, the deceased’s sister, says to him, “Master! By this time he smells awful, because it is the fourth day.”

11:40Jesus says, “Didn’t I tell you that if you believed, you would see the majesty of God?”11:41Then they took the stone away.

But Jesus looked up and said, “Father, I am grateful that you hear me.11:42I always knew you did, but I said this for the sake of the crowd around me, so they could believe that you commissioned me.”

11:43Having said these things, he shouted, “Lazarus! Come here! Come out!”11:44And the one who had died came out. His feet and hands had been wrapped with strips of burial cloth, and his face had had a cloth wrapped around it. Jesus says to them, “Unbind him and let him go!”11:45Then many of the Judeans who came to Mary saw what Jesus did and put their trust in him.11:46But some went off to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus was doing.

11:47So the ruling priests and Pharisees convened an official meeting and said, “What are we going to do about this person performing many miracles?11:48If we let him go on like this, everyone will put their trust in him, and then the Romans will come and do away with our place and nation.”

11:49Now one of them in particular, Caiaphas, the ruling priest that year, said to them, “You understand nothing!11:50And you haven’t figured out that one person should die for the people instead of letting the whole nation be destroyed.”

11:51Now he didn’t realize it, but as ruling priest that year, he had predicted that Jesus was about to die for the sake of the nation—11:52and not just the nation, but also to gather the scattered children of God into one.11:53So from that day on they plotted to kill him.11:54As a result, Jesus could no longer walk openly among the Judeans. He went away from there into the area near the desert, to a city called Ephraim, and remained there with his disciples.

11:55Now the Passover of the Judeans was near, and many went up to Jerusalem from the countryside so they could purify themselves before the Passover.11:56Then they looked for Jesus, and as they stood together in the temple compound they said to each other, “Do you think there’s any chance he’ll come to the festival?”11:57(The ruling priests and Pharisees had issued orders that if anyone knew where he was, they were to report it so he could be arrested.)

12:1Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, the place where he had raised Lazarus from the dead.12:2They prepared a dinner in Jesus’ honor; Lazarus was there, and Martha served.12:3But Mary, taking three-quarters of a pound of genuine and very expensive perfumed oil made from nard, massaged the oil into Jesus’ feet and wiped them down with her hair. The whole house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.

12:4But Judas of Kerioth, one of Jesus’ disciples (the one about to betray him), says,12:5“Why wasn’t this oil sold for a year’s wages and the proceeds given to the poor?”12:6(Now he didn’t say this because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief; he was trusted with the donations given to the disciples but would take what he wanted from it.)

12:7“Leave her alone!” Jesus replied. “She is doing this for the day of my burial.12:8You’ll always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me.”

12:9Most of the Judeans knew Jesus was there, and they came not only to see Jesus but also Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.12:10But the ruling priests planned to kill Lazarus too,12:11because on account of him many of the Judeans shifted their trust to Jesus.

12:12The next day the huge crowd that had come to the festival, upon hearing that Jesus came to Jerusalem,12:13got palm branches and came out to greet him. They shouted, “Celebrate! Blessed is the one bearing the name of the Master,” and, “The King of Israel!”

12:14Now Jesus found a young colt and rode on it, in accordance with what has been written:12:15“Do not fear, daughter of Zion! Look, your king is coming to you, riding on a young donkey.”12:16His disciples didn’t know it at the time, but when Jesus was exalted they remembered that these things the people did were written about him.

12:17The crowd that had been there when he called Lazarus out of the grave and raised him from the dead was giving their testimony.12:18It was on their account of this miracle he did that the huge crowd went to meet him.12:19So the Pharisees said to themselves, ”It’s obvious that we’re not getting anywhere. Look, the whole world has gone after him!“

12:20Meanwhile, some of the Greeks among the festival-goers12:21came up to Philip (of Bethsaida in Galilee) and made a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.”12:22Philip tells Andrew, and the two of them tell Jesus.

12:23Jesus said to them, “The hour has come for the Human to be exalted.12:24I tell you very truly, that unless a kernel of grain falls to the ground and dies it remains a single seed, whereas if dies it will be loaded with produce.

12:25“Anyone who is too attached to their life24 destroys it, but anyone who thinks nothing of their life in this world will preserve it for eternity.12:26Anyone who wants to serve me should follow me; where I am is where my servant will also be. And whoever serves me will be honored by the Father.

12:27“Now I am deeply disturbed, but what will I say? ‘Father, rescue me from this hour’? But this hour is precisely why I came!12:28Father, exalt your name!

Then a voice came from the sky, “I have, and I will exalt it again!”

12:29The crowd standing there heard it and said, “That was thunder,” while others said “A Messenger has spoken to him.”

12:30Jesus answered, “This voice was not for my benefit but yours.12:31Now begins the judgment of the world; now the ruler of this world will be thrown out!12:32And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw everyone to myself.”12:33Now he said this to indicate the manner of his impending death.

12:34Then the crowd responded, “We heard from the law that the Anointed would remain forever, so how can you say that the Human must be lifted up?25 Who is this ‘Human’?”

12:35So Jesus replied, “The light will remain among you for a little while. Walk while you have the light, so that the darkness won’t overtake you; the one walking in darkness has no idea where they’re going.12:36Trust in the light while you have it, so you can be people of the light.” With that, Jesus went away and concealed himself from them.

12:37In spite of having done so many miracles in front of them, they still did not put their trust in him.12:38This fulfilled the saying of the prophet Isaiah:

“Master, who believed our report? To whom was the Master’s strength revealed?”

12:39Therefore they weren’t able to believe, seeing once again that Isaiah said,

12:40

“He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, to prevent them from seeing with their eyes or understanding with their hearts,26 such that I would turn around and heal them.”

12:41Isaiah said these things because he saw Jesus’ majesty and spoke about him.

12:42Many of the rulers also put their trust in him. But because of the Pharisees they did not admit it, or they would be excommunicated.12:43They loved praise from people more than even praise from God.

12:44Now Jesus shouted out, “Whoever puts their trust in me is really putting their trust in the one who sent me;12:45whoever watches me watches the one who sent me.12:46I have come into the world as a light, so that all who put their trust in me would not remain in darkness.

12:47“And if anyone hears my declarations but doesn’t retain them, I am not judging them, because I did not come to judge the world but to save it.12:48Yet the one rejecting me and not retaining my declarations is judged by the things I say. That is what will judge them at the last day,12:49since I don’t speak of my own accord but of the Father who sent me. He has given me the official edict on what to say and what to talk about.12:50And I know that his edict is eternal life. So whatever I say is exactly as the Father has directed me to speak.”

13:1Now before the festival of the Passover, Jesus, being aware that the hour had come for him to move from this world to the Father, was filled with love for his own in this world; he loved them to the very end.13:2Yet by dinner time the Adversary had already put the idea into the mind of Judas (son of Simon of Kerioth) that he should betray Jesus.13:3Jesus, knowing that the Father had given everything into his hands, and that he had gone out from God and would soon return,13:4rose up from dinner. He removed his outer garments and wrapped himself in a cloth,13:5then filled a basin with water and began to wash the disciples’ feet, drying them with the towel he was wearing.

13:6Then he comes to Simon Peter who says, “Master, you’re washing my feet!”

13:7Jesus answered, “Right now you don’t realize what I’m doing, but you will see it eventually.”

13:8Peter says, “You should absolutely never wash my feet!”

“But if I don’t,” Jesus replied, “you are not in with me.”

13:9“Master,” Simon Peter says, “not just my feet but also my hands and head!”

13:10Jesus says, “The one who has bathed only needs their feet washed since they are completely clean. And you all are ‘clean’… well, not all.”13:11(He knew who was betraying him, so that’s why he said ’You are not all clean‘.)

13:12When he finished washing their feet, he put on his outer garments again and reclined at the table.

“Do you realize what I’ve done to you?” Jesus asked them.13:13“You address me as Teacher and Master, and rightly so.13:14But if I, your Master and Teacher, wash your feet, you too should wash each other’s feet.13:15I have given you an example to follow; you must do as I did.13:16I tell you very truly that a slave is not greater than their master, nor is the one commissioned greater than the one commissioning.13:17If you see what I’m saying and put it into practice, you will be happy.

13:18“I’m not talking about all of you (for I’m well aware of those I chose), so that the Writing may be fulfilled: ‘The one eating bread with me, turned on me’.13:19So I’m telling you beforehand what is to happen, so that when it comes to pass you might believe that I am [who I say I am].13:20I tell you very truly that whoever accepts someone I send out is actually accepting me, and in turn, whoever accepts me is accepting the one who sent me.“

13:21Upon saying these things, Jesus became agitated and testified, “I tell you very truly that one of you will betray me!”

13:22The disciples stared at each other in shock, wondering who Jesus meant.13:23Now one of them, the one Jesus loved, was reclining near to him.13:24Then Simon Peter motioned to that one to ask what this was all about.13:25So that one leaned very close to Jesus and said, “Master, who is it?”

13:26Jesus told him, “It’s the one to whom I will give the morsel of bread after dipping it.” He dips the morsel and gives it to Judas, son of Simon of Kerioth.13:27Immediately the Adversary entered into Judas, and Jesus told him, “What you’re to do, do it faster!”

13:28None of those at the table realized why Jesus said this to Judas.13:29Some presumed that since Judas was responsible for the group’s funds, Jesus was telling him to buy what they would need for the festival, or to give something to the poor.13:30So as soon as he had the morsel of bread, Judas went out. It was nighttime.

13:31After Judas left, Jesus says, “Now the Human is to be honored, and God is thereby honored.13:32And since God is honored then so is the Human, and he will be honored right away.13:33My dear little ones, I am only with you for a short time now. You will search for me, and just as I told the Judeans that they could not follow where I’m going, so I say also to you.13:34I’m giving you a new precept: love each other, and love them the way I have loved you.13:35This is how everyone will know that you are my disciples, by your love for each other.”

13:36Simon Peter asks him, “Master, where are you going?”

“Where I’m going,” Jesus replied, “you cannot follow me now, yet you will be following eventually.”

13:37“But why can’t I follow you now?” asked Peter. “I’d lay down my life for you!”

13:38“You will lay down your life for my sake,” Jesus answered. “Very truly I tell you that before the rooster crows, you will have renounced me three times!

14:1“Don’t let disturbing thoughts fill your minds; trust in God, and trust in me.14:2There are many residences in my Father’s home. If there weren’t, I would not have told you that I’m going there to prepare a place for you.14:3So if I go and prepare a place, then I will return to you and accept you as my own, so that you can be where I am.14:4And you are familiar with the way to where I’m going.”

14:5Thomas says to him, “Master, we aren’t familiar with where you’re going, so how can we see the way?”

14:6“I am the way,” said Jesus, “and the truth and the life; no one can come to the Father except through me.14:7If all of you have known me you will also know my Father. And from now on you know him and have seen him.”

14:8Philip says to him, “Master, show us the Father and we will be satisfied.”

14:9Jesus replied, “Philip, I’ve been with you all this time, and you still don’t know me! Whoever has seem me has seen the Father, so how can you say, ’show us the Father’?14:10Don’t you believe that I am in the Father and he is in me? The declarations I have been giving you are not of my own accord; rather, the Father who remains in me does his work.

14:11“Trust me [when I tell you] that I am in the Father and he is in me. But if that isn’t enough, then believe me because of what I do.14:12I tell you very truly, that those who put their trust in me will do the same things I do— and even greater things, because I am going to the Father.14:13And whatever you ask as my representative, I will do it, so that the Father is honored in the Son.14:14[Yes], anything you ever ask as my representative, I will do.

14:15“If you love me, guard my precepts.14:16And I will implore the Father, who will give you another advocate to console you and be with you forever:14:17the Spirit of Truth, whom the world cannot accept, whom it can neither see nor know. But you all know this Spirit, for it remains with you and will be in you.14:18I will not leave you as orphans; I am coming to you.

14:19“Soon the world will no longer see me, but you see me. And since I live, you also will live.14:20In that day you will know that I am in my Father, you are in me, and I am in you.14:21Whoever has my precepts and observes them is the one who loves me, and the one who loves me will be loved by my Father; I will love that one and reveal myself to them.”

14:22Judas (not the one from Kerioth) says to him, “Master, why is it that you intend to reveal yourself to us but not to the world?”

14:23Jesus replied, “Anyone who loves me will guard my sayings, and my Father will love them; we will come to them and take up residence with them.14:24But anyone who does not love me doesn’t guard my sayings. This saying you are hearing is not my own but is from the Father who sends me.

14:25“I have spoken all this to you while remaining with you.14:26But now the Advocate, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send on my behalf, will teach you everything and remind you of everything I said to you.

14:27“My peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you, and I don’t give as the world does. Don’t let your minds be disturbed or timid.14:28You heard me say ’I am going away and coming back‘, and ’If you loved me you would be happy I’m going to the Father, for he is greater than I.14:29And now I have declared this ahead of time, so that when it does happen, you will believe.

14:30“I will not be speaking with you much longer, because the ruler of the world approaches, and he has nothing to do with me.14:31But I do as the Father directs me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Get up! We have to leave.

15:1“I am the true vine and my Father is the cultivator.15:2He discards every branch that produces no fruit, but prunes the ones that produce some, so they can make even more.15:3You all are pruned already by means of the things I’ve said to you.15:4Remain in me as I remain in you. Just as the branch cannot produce fruit if it is detached from the vine, neither can you if you do not remain in me.

15:5“I am the vine and you are the branches. Whoever remains in me and I in them produces a lot of fruit, but apart from me you can do nothing.15:6Whoever does not remain in me is like a branch that is thrown out and dried up. Such branches are then collected and thrown into the fire to be burned.15:7But if you always remain in me and my declarations remain in you, ask for anything you want and it will be granted to you.

15:8“If you produce a lot of fruit and become my disciples, it brings honor to my Father.15:9Just as the Father loves me, so also do I love you; remain in my love.15:10If you guard my precepts you will remain in my love, just as I have guarded my Father’s precepts and remain in his love.15:11I have spoken these things to you so that my happiness will remain in you and fill you up.

15:12“This is my precept: that you love each other as I have loved you.15:13And there is no greater love than to lay down your life for your friends.15:14You are my friends if you do what I direct you to do.15:15I no longer call you slaves, for a slave is not included in their master’s activities. But now I call you friends, for I have shared with you everything I heard from my Father.15:16You didn’t choose me, I chose you, and I appointed you to go out and produce a lot of fruit. If your fruit endures, ask the Father for anything you want as my representatives and he will grant it.15:17I am giving you these directions so that you may love each other.

15:18“If the world hates you, understand that it hated me first.2715:19If you had belonged to the world it would have considered you its friends. But seeing that you are no longer part of the world since I chose you out of it, the world despises you for this.15:20Remember what I told you? ‘A slave is not greater than their master.’ If they persecuted me they will also persecute you, but if they guarded my sayings, they will guard yours too.15:21They will do all these things to you because of my name, since they have failed to recognize the one sending me.

15:22“If I had not come and spoken to them they would not be at fault, but now they have no excuse;15:23whoever despises me despises my Father as well.15:24If I hadn’t done things among them that no one else had done, they would not be at fault. But now they have seen, and they have despised both me and my Father.15:25Yet this fulfills what has been written in the law about them: ‘They hated me for no reason’.

15:26“When the Advocate I’m sending28 from the Father arrives— the Spirit of Truth departing from him— he will testify about me.15:27And you will testify as well, seeing that you have been with me from the beginning.

16:1“I have told you these things so that you will not walk into a trap,16:2for they will expel you from fellowship. Yet the time is coming when whoever kills you will think they’re serving God,16:3and they will do these things to you because they knew neither me nor my Father.16:4But I have told you these things so that when their time comes you will remember I told you, though I didn’t say them at first.16:5Yet now I am going back to the one who sent me, but none of you is asking me where I’m going.29

16:6“I see that what I’ve said to you has filled you with sorrow.16:7But I tell you honestly that my leaving is for your benefit; if I don’t go away, the Advocate will not come to you.16:8His arrival will convict the world about failure, justice, and judgment:

  • 16:9about failure since in fact they don’t put their trust in me;
  • 16:10about justice by virtue of the fact that I am returning to my Father and you will no longer see me;
  • 16:11about judgment by virtue of the fact that the ruler of this world has been judged.

16:12“I still have a lot to say to you, but you cannot stand it right now.16:13Yet whenever the Spirit of Truth comes, it will guide you in all truth. It will not be speaking of its own accord, but only what it hears, and it will tell you about things to come.16:14That will honor me, seeing that it will tell you what I tell it.16:15Everything the Father has is mine; that’s why I told you it will tell you what it gets from me.30

16:16“Soon you will no longer see me, but a short time after that you will see me again.”16:17Then some of his disciples said to each other, “What does he mean, ‘Soon you will no longer see me, but a short time after that you will see me again’, and, ‘I am returning to the Father’?”16:18So they said, “What is this ‘short’ time he’s talking about? We don’t understand what he’s saying.”

16:19Jesus knew what they wanted to ask him, so he said, “You are wondering what I meant when I said you wouldn’t see me but then a short time later you would see me.16:20I tell you very truly that you will cry and mourn while the world celebrates; you will be upset but your sadness will turn into happiness.

16:21“When a woman goes into labor she dreads the time that has come upon her. But when the little one is born she forgets the suffering for the joy that a person has come into the world.16:22Likewise, you will in fact be sad, yet I will see you again and you will be filled with happiness— a happiness no one can take away.16:23And in that day you will not ask me for anything; I tell you very truly that whatever you ask the Father as my representatives, he will grant it to you.16:24Up to this point you have not asked anything as my representatives; now ask, and you will receive, so you may be filled with happiness.

16:25“I have told you these things in illustrations, but the time is coming when I will not speak this way but will bluntly tell you about the Father.16:26In that day you will ask as my representatives, but I’m not saying that I will ask the Father on your behalf,16:27because the Father himself is fond of you for being fond of me and believing that I came out from God.16:28I left my dwelling with the Father and have come into the world; now I’m leaving the world and returning to the Father.”

16:29His disciples are saying, “See? Now you’re talking bluntly instead of using illustrations.3116:30Now we see that you are aware of everything, and you have no need for anyone to ask you. For this, we believe that you came out from God.”

16:31“You believe at last!” Jesus exclaimed.16:32“Look! The time is coming— in fact it has arrived— for you all to be scattered, each one going your own way, leaving me alone. Of course, I’m not really alone, because the Father is with me.16:33I have told you these things so that in me you will have peace. You will have oppression in the world, but take courage! I have conquered the world!”

17:1Having said all these things, Jesus then looked up into the sky and said, “Father, the time has come for you to honor the Son so the Son may in turn honor you.17:2Just as you gave him jurisdiction over everyone, so also he will give eternal life to all those you gave him.17:3This is eternal life: that they may know you, the one true God, and the one you commissioned, Jesus the Anointed.17:4I honored you on the earth, completing the tasks you gave me to do.17:5And now, Father, honor me along with yourself, with the honor I had along with you before the world was made.

17:6“I revealed your name to the people you gave me from the world. They were yours and you gave them to me, and they have stayed true to your word.17:7Now they have understood that all you have given me is from you,17:8because I passed on to them the declarations you gave me. They accepted them and know for a fact that I came from you and was commissioned by you.17:9These are the ones I’m asking about. Now I’m not asking about the world, but about those you’ve given me, since they are yours;17:10after all, what’s mine is yours, and yours is mine. And I have been honored in them.

17:11“I am not remaining in the world, but these people are, and I am returning to you. Holy Father, guard those who represent you, which you have given to me, so that they may be one just as we are.17:12When I was with them in the world I guarded those you gave me as your representatives. I watched over them and not one of them was lost except for the doomed one, in fulfillment of the Writings.17:13Yet now I am returning to you, and I’m saying these things in the world so that they may be filled with my happiness.

17:14“I have given them your word, and the world hated them because they are not of the world, just as I’m not of the world.17:15I’m not asking you to take them up out of the world, but that you would guard them from the evil one.17:16[Again], they are not of the world, just as I’m not of the world.

17:17“Consecrate them by your truth; your word is truth.17:18Just as you commissioned me into the world, so also I commissioned them into the world.17:19And for their sakes I consecrated myself, so that they too would be consecrated in truth.

17:20“Yet I’m not only asking about these, but also about the ones who will put their trust in me through their word.17:21Then they may all be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you, and they too may be in us. Through this the world may believe that you commissioned me.17:22And I have given them the honor you gave me, so that they may be one just as we are—17:23I in them and you in me— that they may be a complete unity, and that the world may know that you commissioned me and loved them as you have loved me.

17:24“Father, I would also prefer that those you have given me32 would be where I am, so they can see the honor you have given me, because you loved me before the world was established.17:25Also, Impartial Father, the world did not know you, but I did, and these know that you commissioned me.17:26I made your name known to them, and I will make it known that the love you loved me with may be in them, and I in them.”

18:1Having said these things, Jesus left with his disciples to the other side of the brook in Kedron, where there was a garden. Jesus and his disciples entered the garden,18:2a place the traitor Judas was familiar with, since Jesus took his disciples there often.18:3Then Judas arrived with a detachment of deputies of the ruling priests and Pharisees, who carried lanterns, torches, and weapons.

18:4Then Jesus, knowing all that was about to happen to him, came out and said, “Who are you looking for?”

18:5“Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied.

He responded, “I am.” (And the traitor Judas was standing with them.)18:6But as Jesus said “I am,” they all drew back and fell to the ground.18:7So he repeated the question, “Who are you looking for?” And again they replied, “Jesus of Nazareth.”

18:8Once again Jesus responded, “I told you that I am. And if I am the one you want, let these others go.”18:9He said this to fulfill what he had said before: “I will not lose one of those you have given me.”

18:10Then Simon Peter drew the sword he had and struck at the deputy of the ruling priest, cutting off his right ear. (The deputy’s name was Malchos.)18:11But Jesus said to Peter, “Sheath your sword! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me to drink?”

18:12Then the garrison and commander, with the Judean deputies, seized Jesus and tied him up.18:13They took him first to Annas because he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the ruling priest that year.18:14This was the Caiaphas who advised the Judeans that it would be to their advantage to let one person die for the people.

18:15Now following Jesus were Simon Peter and another disciple who was known to the ruling priest, and they went with him as far as the ruling priest’s courtyard.18:16Peter waited outside the gate, but then the one who knew the ruling priest spoke to the gatekeeper, who let Peter in.18:17But then she said to him, “Surely you’re not one of his disciples!” and he replied, “No, I’m not.”18:18The deputies and slaves were standing around a charcoal fire, warming themselves because it was cold. Peter stood there warming himself too.

18:19Meanwhile, the ruling priest asked Jesus about his disciples and teachings.18:20And Jesus replied, “I have spoken openly to the world, and I always taught in the synagogue and in the temple compound where the Judeans gather. I never spoke in secret.18:21So why are you asking me? Ask those who have heard what I said to them; they know what I said.”

18:22At this, one of the deputies standing there slapped Jesus in the face and said, “So this is how you answer the ruling priest!”18:23But Jesus retorted, “If I said something improper, prove it! Yet if I spoke properly, then why did you strike me?”18:24Then Annas sent Jesus, still tied up, to the ruling priest Caiaphas.

18:25Now Peter was still standing and warming himself when they said to him, “You’ve got to be one of his disciples!” But he denied it and said, “No, I am not!”18:26Then one of the deputies of the ruling priest, a blood relative of the one whose ear Peter had cut off, said “I saw you in the garden with him!”18:27Again Peter denied it, and immediately a rooster crowed.

18:28Then they took Jesus from Caiaphas to the governor’s compound. By this time it was morning, but they did not enter into the compound because it would make them ritually unclean, and they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.18:29So Pilate came outside to them and demanded, “What is the charge against this person?”

18:30They replied, “If he weren’t a criminal we wouldn’t have brought him here!”

18:31“Take him and judge him by your own law,” Pilate responded. But they said, “We are not allowed to execute anyone.”3318:32This fulfilled what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was about to die.

18:33Then Pilate returned to the compound and called for Jesus. “So you are the king of the Judeans,” he said.

18:34Jesus responded, “Do you say this of your own accord, or is this what others have told you?”

18:35“I’m not a Judean, am I?” Pilate retorted. “Your own people and ruling priests handed you over to me. So what did you do?”

18:36Jesus replied, “My kingdom is not of this world; if it had been, my slaves would have fought to keep me from being handed over to the Judeans. No, my kingdom is not from here.”

18:37“So, you are a king then, right?” Pilate asked.

“You are saying I’m a king,” Jesus replied. “But I was born into this and have come into the world to testify to the truth, and everyone who is of the truth hears my voice.”

18:38“What is truth?” Pilate retorted. And having said that, he went out again to the Judeans and told them, “I can’t find a single thing to charge him with.18:39But you have a custom that during the Passover I should release to you the person you choose. So do you want me to release the king of the Judeans?”

18:40“No, not this one but Bar-Abbas!” they shouted. (Bar-Abbas was a robber.)

19:1So Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.19:2The soldiers weaved a crown out of thorns and placed it on Jesus‘ head. They threw a purple cloak around him,19:3and then kept approaching him and saying “Greetings, king of the Judeans!” And they slapped him in the face.

19:4Pilate came out again and said to them, “Look, I’m taking him outside to you so you may know for sure that I have found no grounds for a charge against him.”19:5Then Jesus came outside, wearing the thorny crown and the purple cloak, and Pilate says, “Look at him!”

19:6When the ruling priests and slaves saw him they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”

But Pilate said, “You crucify him! I have found no reason to do so.”

19:7The Judeans replied, “We have a law, and according to that law he must be executed, because he equated himself with God.”

19:8When Pilate heard this he was afraid,3419:9so he returned to the compound and asked Jesus, “Where do you come from?” But Jesus did not answer.19:10So Pilate said, “You won’t talk to me? Don’t you realize that I have the jurisdiction to either release you or have you crucified?”

19:11But Jesus replied, “You’d have no jurisdiction at all unless it had been given to you from above. However, the one turning me over to you has the greater fault.”

19:12From then on Pilate looked for a way to release him. But the Judeans shouted, “If you ever release him you will no longer be a Friend of Caesar,35 because anyone claiming to be a king is challenging Caesar’s throne!”

19:13When Pilate heard this he led Jesus outside and then sat down on the seat known as the Stone Pavement (known locally as Gabbatha).19:14It was still the Preparation of the Passover, almost noon, and he says to the Judeans, “Look at your king!”

19:15But they shouted, “Lift him up! Lift him up! Crucify him!”

Pilate asked them, “Shall I crucify your king?”

But they responded, “We have no king but Caesar!”

19:16Finally Pilate handed Jesus over to them to be crucified, and they took him away.19:17Carrying his own cross, he went to the place called The Skull (or in the vernacular, Golgotha),19:18where they crucified him between two others.19:19And Pilate made a notice that was placed on the cross, which read, “Jesus, from Nazareth, the King of the Judeans.”19:20Many Judeans read this notice, because the location where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew36, Latin, and Greek.

19:21Then the ruling priests of the Judeans went to Pilate and complained about the notice. “You should not write ‘the king of the Judeans’, but ‘he said he was the king of the Judeans’.”19:22But Pilate retorted, “What I have written, I have written!”37

19:23When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into four shares, one for each soldier. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.19:24So they said to each other, “Let’s not split this but throw dice to see who gets it.” This was in fulfillment of the Writing, “They divided my clothes among themselves and threw dice for my tunic.” The soldiers actually did these things.

19:25Standing beside Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdela.19:26Seeing his mother there, along with the disciple he loved, he says to her, “Dear woman, this is your son;”19:27and to him, “This is your mother.” And from that time on, the disciple took her into his own home.38

19:28After this, having seen that everything was paid in full, Jesus said “I’m thirsty” to fulfill what was written.19:29Now there was a jar nearby that was filled with vinegar. They soaked a sponge with the vinegar and attached it to a hyssop branch, then lifted it to his mouth.3919:30After he took it, Jesus said “It has been paid in full!” Then he bowed his head and gave up the spirit.

19:31Since it was the Preparation, the Judeans did not want the bodies to remain on the crosses on this special Sabbath. So they asked Pilate for permission to break the victims’ legs40 so they could be taken away.19:32So the soldiers broke the legs of one of the victims crucified with Jesus, and then the other.19:33But when they came to Jesus they saw that he was already dead, so they did not break his legs.

19:34But one of the soldiers punctured him in the ribs with a spear, and immediately out came blood and water.4119:35The one giving this testimony is an eyewitness and affirms that this is the truth. And he knows he’s telling the truth so that you all can believe.19:36For these things happened to fulfill the Writing, “Not one of his bones will be crushed,”19:37and in a different Writing, “they will gaze upon the one they pierced.”

19:38Now after all of this, Joseph from Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. (He was a disciple of Jesus but secretly, because he feared the Judeans.) Pilate granted his request and Joseph took it down.19:39Nicodemas, the one who interviewed Jesus one night early on, brought along a mixture of myrrh and aloe weighing about seventy-five pounds.4219:40So they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it in bandages with the aromatic spices, in accordance with Judean burial custom.

19:41Now in the place of crucifixion was a garden, and in the garden was a new tomb that no one had yet used.19:42Since it was the Judeans’ Preparation Day and the tomb was nearby, they placed Jesus there.

20:1On the First of Sabbaths,43 Mary of Magdala came to the grave before dawn, while it was still dark, and she saw that the stone had been moved away from the tomb.20:2She ran and came to Simon Peter and the other disciple that Jesus was fond of, and she said, “They have taken the Master out of the grave and we didn’t see where they put him!”20:3So Peter and the other disciple went to the grave.20:4They ran together but the other disciple outran Peter and got there first.20:5He bent over and saw the bandages lying there, but he did not go inside.

20:6Then Simon Peter came along and entered into the grave. He saw the bandages lying there,20:7and the sweat cloth that had been on Jesus’ head was folded up in a separate spot.20:8Then the other disciple who had arrived first entered into the grave; he saw and believed.20:9(Up until then, they had not understood that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)20:10Then they returned to the other disciples.

20:11But Mary had stood outside near the grave, sobbing. And while she continued to sob she bent over to look into the grave.20:12She sees two Messengers in white sitting where the body of Jesus had lain, one near the head and the other near the feet.20:13And they said to her, “Dear woman, why are you sobbing?”

She replied, “They took my master and I don’t know where they put him.”

20:14Having said this she turned back around and saw Jesus standing there, but she didn’t recognize him.20:15Jesus says to her, “Dear woman, why are you sobbing? Who is it you’re looking for?”

Presuming he was the caretaker, she replied, “Sir, if you took him away, tell me where you put him and I’ll take him.”

20:16Jesus says to her, “Mary!”

She turns toward him and says “Rabboni!”44 which means “teacher.”

20:17“Stop hanging on to me!” Jesus said. “I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my siblings and tell them that I am ascending now to my Father and your Father, my God and your God.”

20:18Mary of Magdala comes to the disciples and announces, “I have seen the Master!” and tells them the things he said to her.20:19It was late in the day, on the First of Sabbaths, and the doors where they were staying were locked for fear of the Judeans. Suddenly Jesus came and stood in the middle of the group and said “Hello!”20:20Then he also showed them his hands and side. They were very happy to see the Master!

20:21He said ‘hello’ to them again, and added, “Just as the Father commissioned me, now I am also sending you.”20:22Having said this he exhaled on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.20:23If you discharge someone’s failures they are discharged, and if you retain them they are retained.”

20:24Now Thomas, one of the Twelve (nicknamed the Twin) was not with them when Jesus came.20:25Then the other disciples said, “We have seen the Master!” But he responded, “Unless I see his hands and press my finger into the exact spot where the nails were, and put my hand on the exact spot in his ribs, I will refuse to believe it!”

20:26Then in the space of eight days the disciples were inside the room again, and Thomas was with them. [As before], the doors were locked and Jesus is suddenly standing in the middle of the group and says, “Hello!”20:27Then he said to Thomas, “Reach out with your finger and observe my hands, then reach out with your hand and examine my side. Don’t lose faith, but believe!”

20:28“My Master and my God!” exclaimed Thomas.

20:29Jesus responded, “You have seen and believed; happy are those who believe without seeing!”

20:30Jesus did, in fact, also perform many miracles in view of the disciples, which were not recorded in this book.20:31But what has been written was done in order for you to believe that Jesus is the Anointed, the God-Man, and that by putting your trust in him you can have eternal life.

21:1After all that, Jesus revealed himself to his disciples again at the Sea of Tiberias, and this is how it went.21:2Simon Peter, Thomas the Twin, Nathanael from Cana of Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other of Jesus’ disciples were together.21:3Simon Peter says to them, “I’m going fishing.” They replied, “We’re coming with you” and went onto the ship. But that night they caught nothing at all.

21:4In the morning Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples didn’t recognize him.21:5He calls out to them, “Haven’t you guys caught any edible fish?”

“Not a thing,” they replied.

21:6“Throw the net over the right side of the ship and you will!” said Jesus. They did so, and the catch was so large they were unable to haul it in.21:7Then the disciple Jesus loved said to Peter, “It’s the Master!” When Peter heard this he wrapped a garment around himself (for he had stripped for work) and dove into the sea.

21:8Now the other disciples came in the other boat, dragging the net full of fish, because they weren’t far off-shore (about 100 yards).4521:9As they disembarked to shore they saw fish and bread cooking over a charcoal fire.21:10Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish you just caught!21:11” So Peter pulled the net up onto shore, and it was stuffed with 153 large fish. Somehow the net didn’t tear.

21:12Jesus says to them, “Come and have dinner!” But none of the disciples dared to ask him who he was, since they knew it was the Master.21:13Then Jesus takes the bread and passes it around, and likewise with the fish.21:14This was already the third time Jesus revealed himself to his disciples after he rose from the dead.

21:15After dinner Jesus says to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these others?” And Peter replies, “Yes Master, you know I am fond of you.” And Jesus says, “Pasture my lambs.”

21:16Jesus asks him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” And Peter replies, “Yes Master, you know I am fond of you.” And Jesus says, “Shepherd my sheep.”

21:17Jesus asks him a third time, “Simon, son of John, are you fond of me?” Peter was distressed because Jesus said ‘Are you fond of me’ the third time, and he replied, “Yes Master, you know everything and you know I am fond of you.” And Jesus says, “Pasture my sheep.

21:18“Now I tell you very truly, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went wherever you chose, but when you are old you will stretch out your hands and someone else will dress you and take you where you don’t want to go.”21:19He said this to indicate the kind of death by which he would honor God. And having said this he says to him, “Follow me.”

21:20Turning around, Peter sees the disciple Jesus loved following Jesus (the one who leaned back at dinner near Jesus’ chest and asked who would betray him).21:21Peter asks Jesus, “What about this one?”

21:22“If I want him to remain until I return, what concern is that of yours?” Jesus replied. “You follow me.”

21:23Then the rumor spread among the others that this disciple would never die. But Jesus didn’t say that; he only said “What concern is it of yours if he remains till I return?”

21:24This is the disciple testifying about these things and writing about them, and we know that his testimony is valid.21:25Now there is a lot more Jesus did, which if it were written down as well, would certainly be too much for the whole world to contain!

  1. 1Greek word order primarily indicates emphasis, not meaning. Added weight for God being the object is the absence of the definite article. Also note that God may mean one or all members of the Trinity, depending on context.
  2. 2“putting their trust in him” is literally “putting their trust in his name,” and it refers to someone’s position or rank and the honor that goes with it. So to put one’s faith in Jesus’ name does not ascribe some mystical power to the speaking of that name, but simply refers to the fact that Jesus is the Messiah, the sacrificial Lamb, our King and Priest, and God Himself. So to “believe” in Jesus’ name is to accept all that is true about him.
  3. 3The combined reference to blood, the flesh, and a man expresses normal physical procreation, in contrast to the spiritual procreation that can only be from God. Also note the aorist tense; that is, an event at a point in time (birth) and not a continuing process (growth).
  4. 4The phrases about after and before speak of importance as well as time.
  5. 5Note that there are several different Greek words that are all traditionally rendered “sin.” While all are violations of God’s will, the differences are mainly in the cause, nature, or circumstances of the sin. Also, though “failure” is singular here, the meaning is not of one particular sin but the general condition of sinfulness. “The world” is not an entity that can sin, and if it referred to Adam, this would be a most unclear way to say so.
  6. 6The translation of Hebrew words indicates that the author is not writing to Hebrew speakers.
  7. 7Peter and Cephas mean “rock.”
  8. 8“Messengers” is the meaning of the transliteration “angels.”
  9. 9The word translated “servants” is diakonos, which literally means those who wait tables. While the English word “minister” is also typically translated from this word, it has taken on the more specific meaning of a cleric or religious official, but this meaning would have to be inferred.
  10. 10A “measure” of liquid was about 8 or 9 gallons.
  11. 11Alternatively, “This temple has stood for forty-six years”; see biblicalchronology.com/herod.htm, point 5.
  12. 12“The Rescue” is more than a generic reference to “salvation” because of the definite article; that is, it’s the salvation, which both Jews and Samaritans were looking for. This is why the woman responded with her statement about the Anointed.
  13. 13The section in [brackets] is a comment added by scribes and is not inspired scripture.
  14. 14Verse six is usually translated as a question, but there is nothing in the Greek to indicate such. If we arbitrarily turn statements into questions because the question would make more sense to us, then what do we do if we encounter a phrase (such as 1 Cor. 11:14) whose meaning turns completely on whether it is a statement or a question?
  15. 15Lit. 25-30 stadia. A stadion was just over 200 yards (just under 200 meters), so they had gone about three miles (five kilometers).
  16. 16Though it isn’t recorded here, Jesus is evidently referring to the time he healed the disabled person on the Sabbath; see ch. 5.
  17. 17Technically, the Greek word rendered “deputies” is for the lowest of slaves, but in this context it indicates someone with delegated authority to take someone into custody.
  18. 18There is a possible double meaning in the term “lifted up”: to be exalted or to be executed, both of which were to be fulfilled in Jesus’ death and resurrection.
  19. 19“they” apparently refers to the unbelievers, who heard what Jesus said to the believers.
  20. 20“I am” is an expression of eternal existence, the same as when God described himself to Moses. So Jesus is clearly calling himself the eternal God here.
  21. 21Jesus’ answer seems cryptic and evasive, but it could be taken as a poetic way of saying, “Trust me, I know what I’m doing.”
  22. 22Fifteen stadia. A stade was about 700 feet or 0.2km.
  23. 23“even if they die. And everyone who lives” indicates that there will be some who never experience physical death. Dying and living again is contrasted with never dying. It is inaccurate to render the phrase as “whoever lives by believing”; the Greek reads, “living and believing”.
  24. 24The word for “soul” was translated “life” here because of modern interchangeability of “soul” and “spirit”; the expression refers to the whole person. Likewise, the phrase “hate their soul” is expressed in modern English as seeing their life in this world as nothing compared to the next.
  25. 25By their response, the people indicated their understanding that the phrase “lifted up” meant crucifixion. How could Jesus be the Anointed if he will be executed?
  26. 26The heart was thought to be the abode of the intellect or reasoning.
  27. 27“hated me first” could also be rendered “hated me most of all.”
  28. 28From preceptaustin.org: “Present Tense with the indicative mood represents contemporaneous action, as opposed to action in the past or future. In moods other than in the indicative mood, it refers only to continuous or repeated action.” So the Advocate has not always been departing, or always will be, but is departing at the present (that is, when Jesus spoke the words). In English we might say, “He’s leaving now.”
  29. 29They had already asked, so there was no further need.
  30. 30The pronoun “it” in this passage refers back to the Spirit of Truth in verse 13, and is neuter to match the grammatical gender of Spirit. There is no disrespect in the use of the neuter pronoun, nor is there any intent to portray the Spirit as impersonal.
  31. 31Note that Jesus has been talking about the fact that they would no longer ask him for anything, but would ask the Father directly. The disciples’ response is that they finally understand this.
  32. 32The Greek of vs. 24 reads “that one thing you gave me,” but the context makes it clear that Jesus is referring to his disciples, and it would be confusing to refer to them as “that one thing.”
  33. 33The Judeans’ request to have the Romans execute Jesus indicated that they wanted the kind of execution only the Roman government could hand out: crucifixion.
  34. 34Pilate was afraid because the Jews were trapping him with technicalities. He could not release anyone who was breaking Roman law by challenging the throne of Caesar.
  35. 35Now the religious leaders are turning up the heat by using the phrase “Friend of Caesar.” Pilate’s political career depended upon this status.
  36. 36Or possibly Aramaic, though the Greek word is Hebrew.
  37. 37At this point the Judeans had no more leverage on Pilate.
  38. 38Evidently Jesus’ legal father had died, and as the oldest son he had the responsibility to look after his mother.
  39. 39The vinegar was a common mixture used to ease pain.
  40. 40It is believed that the victims breathing muscles were numb after having their arms stretched out for hours, so for each exhale they would have to push themselves up with their legs, an extremely painful action since their feet were nailed to a small platform on the upright portion of the cross. By breaking the victims’ legs they would bring quick death through suffocation.
  41. 41Roman soldiers charged with executing someone were to be executed themselves if the victims survived. Since Jesus was dead sooner than expected, they had to make absolutely sure he was dead, which was proved by what came out when they speared him. It indicated that the heart had ruptured. So in fact Jesus stopped his own heart; he did not die either of crucifixion or suffocation, nor of the spearing.
  42. 42The litra or Roman pound was equal to about 11 1/2 ounces or 327 grams, so 100 would be about 75 modern pounds or 34 kg.
  43. 43There is disagreement over whether the expression “first/one of the Sabbaths” simply means “the first day of the week.” But in the context as given by all the Gospel accounts, it refers to the set of Sabbaths following the Passover and ending at Pentecost. From Luke’s account of the two walking to Emmaus on the day of Jesus’ resurrection, we know that they had left from Jerusalem, and Emmaus is about 7 miles away. This would be in violation of the rule restricting travel on a weekly Sabbath to a mile or two. And in Mt. 28:1 it says “after the Sabbaths (pl.), as the light dawned on one/first of the Sabbaths.” So “one of the Sabbaths” could refer to the day of the “sheaf offering” which happened on the day after the first Sabbath after the yearly Passover one.
  44. 44Rabboni is Aramaic.
  45. 45100 yards is about 90 meters.